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Scientist in the Classroom
Elementary School Activitiy Manual Grades K-5

Scientist in the Classroom Program
2302 Noble Road
Raleigh, NC 27608
Phone: (919) 856-3047
Fax: (919) 856-2880

Numerical Listing of Activities

1 Experiment Skit

2 Creating a Science Fair Experiment

3 More or Less or the Same

4 Examine the Stars

5 Classifying Properties of Objects

6 How People Change Over Time

7 Growing Plants

8 Soil or Dirt?

9 Animals Change with the Seasons

10 Plants Change with the Seasons

11 Thinking Like a Scientist

12 Changing Things

13 Food Processing

14 Waves of Sound and Light

15 Energy From Chemicals

17 Push and Pull

18 Electrical Safety

19 Rocks and Minerals

20 Habitats for Plants and Animals

21 Number Patterns

22 The Air in Airplane

23 Save Our Water

25 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

26 Maps and Orienteering

27 Plot That Storm

28 Sports Science

29 Woodworking Mathematics

30 Symmetry and Patterns

31 Travelling With Mathematics

32 Weather Basics

33 Mixing Solutions

34 Pollution: Causes and Solutions

35 Computers

36 Buildings and Earthquakes

37 Solar Engineering

38 What Are the Chances

39 Measuring Metric

40 Courts, Diamonds, Fields, Courses

41 Flowers and Seeds

42 Useful Plants

44 Kinds of Energy

45 Animal Care and Handling

46 Measuring Heat Energy

47 Hazardous Materials

48 Animals, Animals, Animals

49 Magnetism

50 Weather and You

51 Fossil Finds

51 Planets and Stars

53 Fields of Science

54 Nutrition

55 Monitoring the Weather

56 Ecological Balance

57 Radio and Television Technology

58 Safer Alternatives to Toxics

59 Satellites in Orbit

60 Rockets

61 Electrical Energy Experiments

62 Solid to Liquid to Gas

64 All Kinds of Plants

65 Food Sensations

66 Science Has Imp. the Qual. of Life

67 Microscopic Life

68 Natural History of North Carolina

69 Insects and Other Arthropods

70 Marine Life

71 Genetics and Inheritance

72 From Atoms on Up

73 The BIG BANG

74 Natural Resource Conservation

75 Science and Health

76 Plant Classification

77 Food Preservation and Storage

78 Potential and Kinetic Energy

79 Future Discoveries and Inventions

80 Powers of Ten

81 Number Bases

82 Soil and the Environment

83 Plant Disease

84 Pregnancy and Birth

85 Data Collection

86 Sampling and Surveys

87 Geometric Solids

88 Time and its Measurement

89 Estimating

90 Solving Numerical Patterns

91 Protractor and Construction

92 Human Growth Patterns

93 Safe and Harmful Med. and Drugs

94 Nutritional Foods from North Carolina

95 Smoke and the Human Body

96 Human Diseases

97 Health Professions

98 Body Systems (Pick One)

99 Biters and Grinders

100 Look at Your Eyes

101 No Bones About It

104 Useful Animals

 

Alphabetical Listing of Activities

64 All Kinds of Plants

45 Animal Care and Handling

9 Animals Change with the Seasons

48 Animals, Animals, Animals

99 Biters and Grinders

98 Body Systems (Pick One)

36 Buildings and Earthquakes

12 Changing Things

5 Classifying Properties of Objects

35 Computers

40 Courts, Diamonds, Fields, and Courses

2 Creating a Science Fair Experiment

85 Data Collection

25 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

56 Ecological Balance

61 Electrical Energy Experiments

18 Electrical Safety

15 Energy From Chemicals

89 Estimating

4 Examine the Stars

1 Experiment Skit

53 Fields of Science

41 Flowers and Seeds

77 Food Preservation and Storage

13 Food Processing

65 Food Sensations

51 Fossil Finds

72 From Atoms on Up

79 Future Discoveries and Inventions

71 Genetics and Inheritance

87 Geometric Solids

7 Growing Plants

20 Habitats for Plants and Animals

47 Hazardous Materials

97 Health Professions

6 How People Change Over Time

96 Human Diseases

92 Human Growth Patterns

69 Insects and Other Arthropods

44 Kinds of Energy

100 Look at Your Eyes

49 Magnetism

26 Maps and Orienteering

70 Marine Life

46 Measuring Heat Energy

39 Measuring Metric

67 Microscopic Life

33 Mixing Solutions

55 Monitoring the Weather

3 More or Less or the Same

68 Natural History of North Carolina

74 Natural Resource Conservation

101 No Bones About It

81 Number Bases

21 Number Patterns

54 Nutrition

94 Nutritional Foods from North Carolina

52 Planets and Stars

76 Plant Classification

83 Plant Disease

10 Plants Change with the Seasons

27 Plot That Storm

34 Pollution: Causes and Solutions

78 Potential and Kinetic Energy

80 Powers of Ten

84 Pregnancy and Birth

91 Protractor and Construction

17 Push and Pull

57 Radio and Television Technology

60 Rockets

19 Rocks and Minerals

93 Safe and Harmful Medicines and Drugs

58 Safer Alternatives to Toxics

86 Sampling and Surveys

59 Satellites in Orbit

23 Save Our Water

75 Science and Health

66 Science Has Improved the Quality of Life

95 Smoke and the Human Body

82 Soil and the Environment

8 Soil or Dirt?

37 Solar Engineering

62 Solid to Liquid to Gas

90 Solving Numerical Patterns

28 Sports Science

30 Symmetry and Patterns

22 The Air in Airplane

73 The BIG BANG

11 Thinking Like A Scientist

88 Time and its Measurement

31 Travelling With Mathematics

104 Useful Animals

42 Useful Plants

14 Waves of Sound and Light

32 Weather Basics

50 Weather and You

38 What Are the Chances

29 Woodworking Mathematics

ACTIVITY #: 1 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Experiment Skit

VOCABULARY: scientific method, dependent and independent variable, experiment

OBJECTIVES: demonstrate the scientific method in action

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min, before science fair

GRADE/GOALS: 3,4,5/1,2,3,4

GROUP SIZE: 50-200

SOURCES: anyone experienced in research using the scientific method

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Informal skit showing a scientist solving a problem by doing an experiment. Skit features steps of the scientific method, and employs children playing active roles in the skit with teachers. Problems can suit the expertise or interest of the visiting scientist.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: minimal props, posters with names of steps in scientific method

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect props, brief teachers and kids before skit on their parts

ACTIVITY #: 2 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Creating a Science Fair Experiment

VOCABULARY: experiment, dependent & independent variable, scientific method, control, hypothesis, measurement, interpretation, test

OBJECTIVES: thinking up an experiment for a science fair project; using scientific method

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min, before science fair

GRADE/GOALS: 3,4,5/1,2,3,4

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: anyone experienced in research using the scientific method

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Introduce 3-step process for thinking up an experiment. 1) Pick an object, 2) List what it can do, 3) List what things can change what it can do. Pick the dependent variable from list #2, the independent variable from list #3, and design the experiment, "What is the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable?" Demonstrate the steps of the scientific method, including observation, hypothesis, experiment, measurement, and interpretation.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: materials to perform sample experiments

PREPARATION REQUIRED: gathering materials for sample experiments, practicing, listing experiment ideas

ACTIVITY #: 3 GRADES: K
TITLE: More or Less or the Same

VOCABULARY: more, less, same, greater, smaller, shorter, taller, higher, lower, number

OBJECTIVES: explore different manifestations of quantity

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K/2.5 (measurement)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: scientists, engineers, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate quantity in a variety of settings, including number, volume, height, weight, intensity, density, and concentration. Illustrate quantity as an element of solids, liquids, gases, sounds, and even radiation (e.g. light). Emphasize numerical basis of measuring quantities of solids, liquids, gases, and energy.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: glassware, boxes, solid and liquid materials to measure

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare for hands-on student participation

ACTIVITY #: 4 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Examine the Stars

VOCABULARY: astronomy, constellations

OBJECTIVES: learn where to find the major stars and constellations in the night sky

SUBJECTS: space science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min., could include a field trip

GRADE/GOALS: 4/5.3 (solar system)

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: astronomers, physicists, museum personnel, star-gazers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Use slides, star-guides, photographs, and a compass to illustrate how to locate major stars and constellations in the night sky. Discuss astronomical distance and the meaning of different degrees of brightness in stars. Suggest star-gazing during early evening to observe brightest stars appearing before dimmer stars. Describe movement of stars and constellations across the sky, describe ways to observe this movement, and discuss what it implies.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: star-guides, slides, photographs, compass

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare step-by-step procedures for students to use to find different stars and constellations and to track their movement

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Teacher's Guide K-8: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.
Astronomy Adventures 4001D Carya Dr. Raleigh, N.C. 27610
Phone: 919-250-1050
Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 5 GRADES: K,1,2
TITLE: Classifying Properties of Objects

VOCABULARY: texture, color, size, shape, sound, odor, attributes, classify, organize, collection, relationship

OBJECTIVES: discover connection between the senses and the basic properties of matter, develop and understand concept of classification

SUBJECTS: physical and life sciences, math, classification

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS: K/2.2 (classify)& 5.2 (use of senses)

1/2.2 (classify)& 5.2 (material objects)

2/2.2 (classify)& 5.3 (matter)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: artists, environmental and civil engineers, health professionals, textile scientists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Classify objects according to basic properties. Demonstrate the different senses used to detect each property. Isolate the use of individual senses by hiding some objects in a box, not allowing some to be touched, or allowing others to be smelled, but not seen or touched. Objects could include fruits, textiles, rocks, woods, metals and plastics. Illustrate how classification is used to study to living and non-living things. Connect classification concepts to the student's world with examples like video stores, libraries, grocery stores, factories, people, schools, hobbies, farming and gardening.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: variety of manipulatives, extra helpers

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare helpers

ACTIVITY #: 6 GRADES: K
TITLE: How People Change Over Time

VOCABULARY: aging, wrinkles, disease, growth spurt, illness, death

OBJECTIVES: discover how people change with time, growth, aging, and illness

SUBJECTS: physical and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30 min

GRADE/GOALS: K/5.1 (self-awareness)

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate the changes people undergo over time, including height, weight, skin, voice, and hair. Discuss things that do not change as people grow. Measure height, make footprints and handprints to illustrate the wide range of normal growth among the students. Request in advance for students to bring to class photographs of when they were a baby, or when their parents were children.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: people, skeleton, photographs, slides, growth chart, paper to make prints

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect visual aids, prepare assistants, request student photographs in advance

ACTIVITY #: 7 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Growing Plants

VOCABULARY: soil, dirt, water, roots, support, food, oxygen, carbon dioxide, photosynthesis, respiration

OBJECTIVES: discover importance of soil, water, light, and air to plant growth

SUBJECTS: earth and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 45 min for each of two or more visits GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.1 (needs of organisms) 2/5.2 (environmental adaptations) 3>/5.1,5.3 (interdependence of plants & animals) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: botanists, plant scientists, nurseries, foresters, landscapers, agricultural extension agents

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Conduct mini-experiments with different soils and different amounts of water or light, demonstrating the effects of soil, water or light on the growth of quick growing plants, such as beans or peas.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: seeds or plants, different soils, pots

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, plan followup visit or e-mail correspondence ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Music Cassettes: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist Adventures on the Air Cycle 4001D Carya Dr.; Raleigh, N.C. 27610 Billy B. Sings About Trees Phone: 250-1050; Contact: Shelia Jones
Teacher Guide & Video Tape: Chatham County Ext.: ph 542-8202 River's Edge (5th Grade) Durham County Ext.: ph 560-0533 Wake County Ext.: ph 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 8 GRADES: 2,3,4
TITLE: Soil or Dirt?

VOCABULARY: organic, inorganic, soil, dirt, layers, silt, clay, sand, metamorphic, sedimentary, igneous, auger

OBJECTIVES: discover the origins of soil and its many components

SUBJECTS: earth and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 mn

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.3 (rocks and soil)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: soil conservation service, soil scientists, agricultural extension agents, gardeners, museum personnel

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Discuss the three types of rocks, the origin of soils, three types of soil particles, and the components of good soil. Set up activity centers to allow students to examine soil and rock types, soil layers, and make soil by scraping rocks together. Use role-playing to demonstrate soil formation.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: soil auger, rock samples, organic matter, soil samples, buckets, newspaper, yard/forest

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect soil & materials, scout yard, sample soil cores ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR RESOURCES:
Video Tape: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Soil & Water Conservation 4001D Carya Dr. II. Soil as a Resource Base Raleigh, N.C. 27610 Book: Sammy Soil Particle ph: 250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones Teacher Resource Guide: U.S. Dept. of Ag. - SCS Soil Cons. Ed. Kit- 4405 Bland Rd.; Raleigh, NC 27609 Vol. I: Soil Resources ph: 790-2887 Teacher's Resource Book: Chatham County Ext.: ph 542-8202 Soil & Water in N.C. (3rd & 4th) Durham County Ext.: ph 560-0533 River's Edge (5th Grade) Wake County Ext.: ph 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 9 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4
TITLE: Animals Change with the Seasons

VOCABULARY: hibernate, migrate, metamorphosis, cocoon, nest, shed

OBJECTIVES: examine the changes animals undergo from season to season, discuss why these changes occur

SUBJECTS: earth and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 20-40 min, repeat visits at different seasons GRADE/GOALS:
K/5.3 (interaction w/ the environment) 2/5.2 (environmental adaptations) 4/5.2 (animal behavior)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: soil conservation service, zoologists, wildlife biologists, entomologists, museum personnel

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Discuss how an animal's environment changes with the seasons, and why animals must adapt to these changes. Illustrate how different animals change in response to their environment with live and preserved specimens and illustrations.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: animals, cocoons, worms, insects, bird nests, stuffed animals, forest walk

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect specimens and animals, scout nature walks in the vicinity of the school ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Music Cassette: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Billy B. Sings About Trees 4001D Carya Dr. Raleigh, N.C. 27511 ph: 250-1050 contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 10 GRADES: K,1,2,3
TITLE: Plants Change with the Seasons

VOCABULARY: evergreen, dormant, buds, seeds, flowers, leaves, stems

OBJECTIVES: discover changes plants undergo from season to season, discuss why

SUBJECTS: earth and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 20-40 min, spring or fall best, with repeat visits GRADE/GOALS:
K>/5.3 (interaction w/ the environment) 2/5.1 (life cycles) 2/5.2 (environmental adaptation)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: botanists, landscapers, nurseries

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Bring examples of plants at different life-cycle stages into class and examine. Conduct nature walks through yards, farms and forests at different times of the year.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: plant parts, plants, nature walk

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect plants and parts, scout walk in school vicinity ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Cassette Tapes: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Billy B. Sings About Trees 4001D Carya Dr. Raleigh, N. C. 27510 ph: 250-1050 contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 11 GRADES: K,1,2
TITLE: Thinking like a scientist

VOCABULARY: observation, predicting, curiosity, experiment, report, cooperation

OBJECTIVES: introduce logical thinking used by scientists

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 3 min GRADE/GOALS:
K,1,2/1.1-1.5 (nature of science) K,1,2>/4.1-4.4 (attitudes toward science)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: all scientists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Using several short and simple experiments demonstrate how a scientist becomes curious about a question, applies logical thinking to plan an experiment, cooperates with fellow experimenters, and carefully observes what happens and is able to make future predictions.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: simple experimental equipment

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan for experiments and student participation

ACTIVITY #: 12 GRADES: 1,2
TITLE: Changing Things

VOCABULARY: melting, molding, cutting, bending, scraping, crumbling

OBJECTIVES: discover how materials can change in shape, color, texture, etc.

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS: 1/5.2 (material objects)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: physicists, engineers, chemists, textile scientist

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Melt, mold, cut, bend, scrape, crumble materials to see how they will change in shape, color, texture, size, etc. Include materials for students to manipulate. Demonstrate separation or sorting of objects based on different properties. Illustrate changing colors with textile and food dyes. Could include demonstrations of changing the strength of fabrics through various treatments and techniques.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: materials and the tools to change them with

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, practice changing them

ACTIVITY #: 13 GRADES: 3
TITLE: Food Processing

VOCABULARY: cooking, freezing, drying, canning, protein, enzyme, solution, leavening agent, acid, coagulation, clotting

OBJECTIVES: Discover different methods used to process foods, and illustrate how these methods affect flavor, shelf life, appearance, and cost

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.6 (nutrition)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: food scientists, nutritionists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Taste test apples processed and preserved in a variety of ways, e.g., fresh, dried, canned, apple sauce, fruit roll-ups, and jelly. Demonstrate the coagulation of milk and discuss how this is used in food processing. Experiment with different enzymes used in food processing, e.g., enzymatic browning of apples and bananas, pineapple bromelin and the setting of Jello. Demonstrate the production of gases by leavening agents and illustrate how these agents are used in food processing.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: apple products, pineapple products, milk, vinegar, lemon juice, sugar, Jello, baking powder, baking soda, yeast, cheesecloth, toothpicks, towels, bread and cake, kitchen utensils, glassware

PREPARATION REQUIRED: Collect food products and necessary utensils, test procedures beforehand

ACTIVITY #: 14 GRADES: 3,4
TITLE: Waves of Sound and Light

VOCABULARY: waves, vibration, bowing, pluck, strike, blow, propagation, audio, tone, pitch, eyes, ears

OBJECTIVES: learn how sound is produced, changed, transmitted, detected, and used

SUBJECTS: physical science, life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.4 (energy systems)

GROUP SIZE: 25-100

SOURCES: musicians, physicists, engineers, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Introduce the wave nature of sound and/or light. Demonstrate sound and/or light generation. Program could work with a small group in making and studying sound and light, with lots of hands-on participation, or a large group with a stage presentation using different instruments. Could focus on or include how waves of sound and/or light are detected by the human sensory system.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: wave-generating instruments, instruments that measure light or sound, appliances and products that use light or sound, musical instruments, lasers, flashlights, fiber optics, oscilloscope

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect tools, practice generating and measuring sounds

ACTIVITY #: 15 GRADES: 4,5
TITLE: Energy From Chemicals

VOCABULARY: heat, light, chemical reaction, fire, combustion, burn, oxidize

OBJECTIVES: discover how chemical reactions produce energy

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min GRADE/GOALS:
4/5.4 (interaction of matter & energy) 4/5.5 (heat)

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: physicists, chemists, engineers.

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Burn something to produce heat and light. Combine chemicals to produce heat. Combine chemicals to produce light. Enlist student assistants to help with demonstrations. If possible include materials students can safely use themselves to demonstrate the release of chemical energy. Measure the heat produced. Design an experiment to determine which of several procedures releases more heat.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: fuels, combustion chambers, heat and light measuring instruments, model steam engine

PREPARATION REQUIRED: ensure safety of demonstrations and hands-on activities

ACTIVITY #: 17 GRADES: 2,3,4
TITLE: Push and Pull

VOCABULARY: pulley, lever, inclined plane, wheel, axle, gear, force

OBJECTIVES: discover how simple machines work and what they can do, include practical applications

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 4/5.6 (simple machines)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, clockmakers, architects, physicists, mechanics

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Build and use simple machines to do work. Include simple machines each student can help build and operate. Demonstrate simple machines in everyday things. Guide students in conducting experiments examining the operation of simple machines. These experiments will examine the relationship between force and distance, the uses of gears in changing speed or direction, and the uses of pulleys in lifting.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: machines, spring scales, levers, pulleys, gears, inclined planes, axles, wheels

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan simple machines for construction and use by students, plan experiments for students to design and execute

ACTIVITY #: 18 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Electrical Safety

VOCABULARY: safety, shock, conductor, insulator, fuse, breaker, circuit, ground

OBJECTIVES: demonstrate safe use of electricity, electrical safety mechanisms and their use everyday and in an emergency

SUBJECTS: physics

TIME REQUIRED: 20-40 min GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.3 (safety) 5/5.2 (sources & forms of energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: electricians, electrical inspectors, electrical engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate use of fuses, breakers, other electrical safety mechanisms in homes and appliances, discuss safety practices and emergency procedures. Bring sample fuses (new and blown), breakers, wires, cables, plugs, and receptacles for students to handle. Drill safety techniques.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: wires, fuses, breakers, plugs, insulating materials

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, plan hands-on activities

ACTIVITY #: 19 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Rocks and Minerals

VOCABULARY: hardness, color, crystal, streak, luster, magnet

OBJECTIVES: discover the properties of rocks and minerals and classify rocks and minerals

SUBJECTS: earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.3 (rocks & soil) 5/5.3,5.4,5.5 (natural resource use & preservation)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: quarries, rock and mineral clubs, museum personnel, geologists, gemologists, soil conservation service

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Use "rock box" to test and classify rocks and minerals according to different characteristics. Demonstrate tools required for each test. Include samples for students to test. Include samples of the uses of different rocks and minerals, e.g., pumice - soap, toothpastes, polish, and stone-washed jeans.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: "rock box" with rocks, minerals, and tools, charts, samples

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect enough samples for students to test, plan student test activities ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF MATERIALS:
Children's Book: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. The Magic School Bus Inside 4001D Carya Dr. the Earth Raleigh, N.C. 27610 ph 250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones Teacher Manual: Chatham County Ext.: 542-8202 River's Edge (5th Grade) Durham County Ext.: 560-0533 Wake County Ext.: 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 20 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Habitats for Plants and Animals

VOCABULARY: ecology, home, shelter, extinction, environment, protection, habitat, niche, population

OBJECTIVES: discover the variety of homes for plants and animals on earth

SUBJECTS: earth and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.1 (needs of organisms) 2/5.2 (environmental adaptations) 3/5.1 (interdependence of plants and animals)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: biologists, ecologists, foresters, environmentalists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Show examples of the types of homes animals build, such as hives, shells, nests, and burrows. Discuss the habitats in which different plants and animals live. Could include a nature walk. Bring sample homes for students to examine closely. Ask students to infer something about the organism based on the characteristics of its home and where it's usually found. Discuss extinction as a loss of suitable homes.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: animal and plant homes, nature walk

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect homes and scout nature walk ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF MATERIAL:
Slide/Tapes Presentation: N.C. Wildlife Fed. Forests Are More Than Trees 1024 Washington St. 35mm film: Raleigh, N.C. 27605 Living Coasts ph 829-1192 American Wetlands Contact:Ellen Cook So Little Time Teacher Guides K-2: Land for Life Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Teacher Guides K-8: 4001D Carya Dr. Discovering Deserts Raleigh, N.C. 27610 Diving Into Oceans 250-1050 Endangered Species: Wild & Rare Rain Forests: Tropical Treasures Trees Are Terrific Wading Into Wetlands Manure, Meadows & Milkshakes Coloring Books: N.C. Colorful WILD Places Habitat Is Where It's At Wetlands Cassette Tapes: Romp in the Swamp Audubon Adventures

ACTIVITY #: 21 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Number Patterns

VOCABULARY: patterns, symmetry, coordinate, sequence, spiral

OBJECTIVES: learn to recognize number patterns where they exist, discover the applications of these patterns

SUBJECTS: math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS: K-5 mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: mathematicians, engineers, statisticians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Discover number patterns in the natural world. Illustrate how these number patterns can be used to describe or predict natural events or objects, or create architectural or artistic designs, or explain natural occurrences.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: number patterns and sequences, natural objects that demonstrate number patterns, e.g., seashells, pine cones, and flowers

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials

ACTIVITY #: 22 GRADES: 1,4
TITLE: The Air in Airplane

VOCABULARY: lift, air pressure, force, wings, gravity, speed

OBJECTIVES: discover how air exerts the force that helps planes fly

SUBJECTS: physical and earth sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS:

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: pilots, physicists, engineers, mechanics

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate model wings and airplanes to demonstrate lift, thrust, drag, and gravity. Build and fly model airplanes.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: model airplanes, materials to build wings, wind-generator

PREPARATION REQUIRED: build sample wings or planes, plan student participation in building and testing activities

ACTIVITY #: 23 GRADES: 2,3,4,5
TITLE: Save our Water

VOCABULARY: wetland, watershed, diversity, plankton, indicator species

OBJECTIVES: understand importance of our wetlands & water conservation

SUBJECTS: earth and life sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.2 (environmental adaptations) 2/5.4 (weather) 3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: ecologists, aquatic biologists, environmentalists, water treatment operators

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
Introduce the concept of wetlands. Show a simplified water cycle and how we are part of the system, the need to conserve water usage, and how each person can help.

Show different types of wetlands and the diversity of organisms found in them. Discuss the importance of wetlands-may include the use of indicator species, characteristics of healthy v. unhealthy systems. Take measurements and observations of nearby wetlands and discuss results.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: water from various sources, hand lenses, measuring devises, simple water filters

PREPARATION REQUIRED: locate water bodies on school grounds, collect water samples ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Slide/Tape Presentations: We Care About Oceans N.C. Wildlife Fed. We Can't Live Without it 1024 Washington St. Raleigh, N.C. 27605 ph 833-1923 Teacher's Guides: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Water Education (K-8) 4001D Carya Dr. Living in Water (4-8) Raleigh, N.C. 27610 Streamwalking for Kids (4-8) ph 250-1050 Water & Me (K-2) Contact: Shelia Jones The Story of Drinking Water(K-2) Teacher Book: Sound Advice: How to Live in Harmony with Our Coast Children's Book: The Magic School Bus at the Waterworks Teacher's Guide: Chatham County. Ext.: 542-8202 River's Edge Durham County Ext.: 560-0533 Wake County Ext.: 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 25 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Earthquakes and Volcanos

VOCABULARY: continents, continental drift, earthquakes, coordinates, latitude, longitude, maps, volcanos, faults, crust, plates, lava

OBJECTIVES: Explore the forces changing the face of the earth

SUBJECTS: earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.5 (earth over time)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: geologists, cartographers, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate plate tectonics, volcanos, and earthquakes as forces that change the surface of the earth. Examine the plate tectonic origin of earthquake zones. Draw outlines of major continents before, during, and after major historical continental drift episodes using sets of given longitude and latitude coordinates.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: maps, slides, films, rocks and minerals, globe, soil, plaster of Paris

PREPARATION REQUIRED: Prepare maps, collect visual aids ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Teacher's Guide K-8: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Geology: The Active Earth 4001D Carya Drive Children's Book: Raleigh, N.C. 27510 The Magic School Bus Inside ph 250-1050 the Earth Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 26 GRADES: 2,3,4,5
TITLE: Maps and Orienteering

VOCABULARY: degrees, angles, direction, obtuse angle, right angle, acute angle, coordinates, graph, estimation, maps, symbols, scales, key, legend

OBJECTIVES: demonstrate map-reading and map-making skills, measuring by degrees

SUBJECTS: math, geometry, angles, measurement, problem-solving, graphs

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3-5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: architects, engineers, cartographers, geologists, orienteering clubs

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Construct scaled maps of a classroom or a school playground. Use these maps to locate hidden objects in the classroom or the playground. Practice using measuring instruments, ruler, compass, protractor, legend, degree measurements, and scaling to pinpoint locations. Lead group on treasure hunt using orienteering skills. Illustrate use of photographs in making maps. Locate student homes on city map, then determine coordinates.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: rulers, paper, pencils, maps, aerial photographs, compass, protractor, graph paper

PREPARATION REQUIRED: hide "treasure" in classroom or playground

ACTIVITY #: 27 GRADES: 4,5
TITLE: Plot That Storm

VOCABULARY: coordinates, scales, legends, key, latitude, longitude, weather

OBJECTIVES: practice math problem-solving and coordinate graphing skills using severe weather problems and weather maps

SUBJECTS: math, earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min., repeat visit(s) appropriate to follow storms

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.6 (weather and climate)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: cartographers, meteorologists, geographers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Plot weather systems as they move across a major continent or ocean, using prepared sets of coordinates. Calculate rates of movement of weather systems and fronts based on time intervals among consecutive sets of coordinates. Project anticipated time of arrival of storms at several locations. Plot the actual tracks of severe storms as they move (e.g. hurricanes).

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: graph paper, scale models, rulers, calculators, drawing instruments

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare sets of coordinates

ACTIVITY #: 28 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Sports Science

VOCABULARY: angle, reaction, gravity, force, momentum, vectors

OBJECTIVES: stimulate student interest in science and math by discovering how science and math principles apply in sports

SUBJECTS: life and physical sciences, math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 4/5.4 (interaction of matter & energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: physicists, health professionals, sportswriters, scholar athletes

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate mathematical and scientific aspects of sports' skills like shooting a basketball, throwing or hitting a ball, running, or swimming. Experiment with optimum angle for the longest throw, air resistance of different shapes, and angles of collisions.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: sports equipment, measurement tools, gym or ball field, ping pong balls, pool balls, wind tunnel

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare for student participation in practice and measurement of specific skills

ACTIVITY #: 29 GRADES: 4,5
TITLE: Woodworking Mathematics

VOCABULARY: perimeter, angle, circumference, area, volume, length

OBJECTIVES: discover the importance of math in carpentry

SUBJECTS: math, geometry, measurement

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min., repeat visit(s) appropriate

GRADE/GOALS: 4,5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: carpenters, engineers, hobbyist, furniture manufacturer

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate the uses of math in making tables, chairs, desks, beds, and other things out of wood. Assist students in making detailed plans for building a favorite item, highlighting the need and use of math skills.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: wood, tools, paper, rulers, calculators

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare student participation in drawing plans

ACTIVITY #: 30 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Symmetry and Patterns

VOCABULARY: symmetry, patterns, repeat, sequence, predict, parallel, extend, balance, estimation, area, angle, perimeter, circumference, same, different

OBJECTIVES: develop concept of patterns, learn to recognize patterns, discover uses of patterns and symmetry in the environment and in everyday life

SUBJECTS: math, patterns

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, architects, interior designers, artists, printers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Discover non-numerical patterns and symmetry in the environment (nature, wallpaper, clothing, tiles, bricks, buildings, weather, windows, quilts, music). Lead students in predicting and extending patterns, including symmetrical patterns. Help students become aware of patterns as a strategy in problem solving. Lead students on a pattern and/or symmetry scavenge hunt. Demonstrate mathematical basis of patterns and symmetry. Discuss functions of patterns and symmetry in objects, e.g. airplanes, living organisms, and architecture. Have students complete a "half picture" using the concept of symmetry.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: graph paper, measuring tools, pictures, building blocks, pattern blocks, slides, "half pictures", preserved animal and plant specimens, seashells, pine cones, flowers, music.

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare student participation activities

ACTIVITY #: 31 GRADES: 4,5
TITLE: Travelling With Mathematics

VOCABULARY: geography, time zones, great circle route, latitude, longitude

OBJECTIVES: practice measurement skills, map-reading, problem-solving skills

SUBJECTS: math, measurement, graphing, problem-solving, earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 4,5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: pilots, meteorologists, cartographers, geographers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Given a top speed for a passenger plane, work out the time required to reach various cities, and the time-of-day one would arrive given a local departure time. Figure the shortest route to include stops at six cities before reaching a final destination. Figure the least number of stops required given fuel load and consumption and available airports for refueling along the way to a cross-country destination.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: globe, maps, measuring instruments, calculators

PREPARATION REQUIRED: set up maps with cities, predetermine optimum routes and timing

ACTIVITY #: 32 GRADES:2,3,4
TITLE: Weather Basics

VOCABULARY: weather, climate, fronts, high pressure, low pressure

OBJECTIVES: learn the basics of weather

SUBJECTS: earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min. GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.4 (weather and related cycles) 5/5.6 (weather and climate)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: meteorologists, climatologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Explore what makes weather and how geography and atmospheric conditions affect weather patterns. "Make weather" in the classroom.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: materials for simulating weather, weather maps

PREPARATION REQUIRED: practice simulating weather

ACTIVITY #: 33 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Mixing Solutions

VOCABULARY: solution, suspension, dissolve, precipitate, coagulate, evaporate, measurement, volume, ratio

OBJECTIVES: work with measuring and mixing liquid solutions and suspensions, understand ratios

SUBJECTS: physical science, math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.5 (solutions and mixtures)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: chemists, biochemists, pharmacists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Explore the different ways liquids and solids can intermix. Measure changes in volume, color, clarity, and temperature as materials dissolve, precipitate, and evaporate. Explore food and textile dyes, food processing, and chemical (especially petroleum) processing as practical applications of mixing solutions.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: chemicals, glassware, hotplate, balance, thermometer

PREPARATION REQUIRED: review safety precautions for hands-on activities involving chemicals

ACTIVITY #: 34 GRADES: 5
TITLE: Pollution: Causes and Solutions

VOCABULARY: pollution, fossil fuel, conservation, atmosphere, mass transportation, ozone, greenhouse effect, global warming

OBJECTIVES: show the different sources of pollution and illustrate potential and actual solutions

SUBJECTS: conservation

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min. GRADE/GOALS:
5/5.3 (natural resource preservation) 5/ 5.6 (weather and climate)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, environmentalists, planners

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate various sources of air and water pollution. Design experiments to test the effects of this pollution on living things and valuable materials. Demonstrate or illustrate solutions to pollution problems. Focus could be on specific pollution problems facing a growing Triangle area.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, pictures, model trains, maps

PREPARATION REQUIRED: create or collect problems to serve as subjects for experiments to be designed by students ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Slide/Tape Presentation: N.C. Wildlife Fed. Let's Clean Air 1024 Washington St.; Raleigh, N.C. 27605 ph: 829-1192 Music Cassettes: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist. Let's Clean Up Our Act 4001D Carya Drive A Kid's Eye View of the Env. Raleigh, N.C. 27610 Teacher's Guide (K-8): ph: 250-1050 Pollution Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 35 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4,5
TITLE: Computers

VOCABULARY: voltage, current, disk, input, output, keyboard, monitor, processor, binary, amplitude, hardware, software, program

OBJECTIVES: Explore the insides of a computer, learn the basics of computer processing, discover programming and the practical applications of computer technology at home, in schools, and in the workplace

SUBJECTS: computer science, math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/ computer education

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: computer scientists, mathematicians, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Disassemble a computer and illustrate the functions of the different parts. Demonstrate the binary language as the basis of computer operation. Examine input and output, storage, communication, and memory. Explore hardware and software applications of computer technology with examples from home appliances, school computer labs, business and industrial environments, and engineering and scientific research.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: computers, modem, printer, chips, boards, software packages

PREPARATION REQUIRED: pretest software packages, prepare examples to maximize hands-on opportunities, coordinate with available computers in the school

ACTIVITY #: 36 GRADES: 3,4,5
TITLE: Buildings and Earthquakes

VOCABULARY: stress, strain, load, waves, seismograph, collapse, fail

OBJECTIVES: show how buildings can fail in an earthquake, how they're built to resist the stresses and strains of earthquakes

SUBJECTS: math, earth sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.5 (earth over time)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: architects, engineers, building inspectors, geologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate the stresses and strains that earthquakes can cause. Demonstrate the techniques used to enable buildings to withstand the forces of an earthquake. Solve simple architectural design problems related to earthquake risk.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, drawings, models, seismograph

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare sample problems for students to solve

ACTIVITY #: 37 GRADES: 4, 5
TITLE: Solar Engineering

VOCABULARY: solar energy, heat transfer, heat storage, passive solar, active solar, angle, slope

OBJECTIVES: discover the uses of geometry and physics in engineering for solar energy

SUBJECTS: physical sciences, conservation, math, geometry

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min., could include a field trip GRADE/GOALS:
4/5.5 (heat energy transfer) 5/5.5 (sources and forms of energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: architects, engineers, solar energy industry

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate importance of sun angle, slope, and exposure in utilizing solar energy for home heating and cooling. Distinguish between active and passive solar energy use. Could include a field trip to the NC Solar House at N.C. State University, near the McKimmon Center.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, drawings, graph paper, models, ruler, calculators, compass and protractor

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare simple problems requiring use of compass and protractor, scout and arrange field trip

ACTIVITY #: 38 GRADES: 5
TITLE: What Are the Chances

VOCABULARY: risk factor, probability, safety, statistic, mean, variation, mode, median, chance, odds

OBJECTIVES: show the use of probability and statistics in assessing risk factors, and explore the uses of statistics and probability in sports and games

SUBJECTS: math, statistics, probability, graphing

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min., repeat visit(s) appropriate

GRADE/GOALS: 5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, insurance industry, statisticians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Calculate risk factors for different grades and classes based on survey data collected at school. Risks could include missing class due to illness, having a test, getting in trouble, or other measurable events. Explore sports and games statistics and probabilities. Have class keep records of their own sports and games activities, then analyze and interpret the data and predict trends.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: graph paper, calculators, computers

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan time for student survey and repeat visit(s)

ACTIVITY #: 39 GRADES: 2,3,4,5
TITLE: Measuring Metric

VOCABULARY: length, area, volume, mass, velocity, intensity, concentration, density, temperature, milli-, centi-, kilo-, Celsius

OBJECTIVES: introduce metric weight, volume, length, and temperature in everyday life, practice measuring in metric

SUBJECTS: math, measurement

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS: 2-5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: surveyors, pharmacists, engineers, scientists, mathematicians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Introduce metric prefixes and illustrate prefix relationships. Concentrate on working within metric system in measuring length, weight, volume, and temperature. Use household examples. Have students measure and estimate in metric. Carry out a metric shopping relay race that teaches students to "think metric".

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: measuring instruments, graph paper, things to measure, pictures of clothing illustrating temperature

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare measurement or estimation problems, gather household items for measurement or estimation

ACTIVITY #: 40 GRADES: 4,5
TITLE: Courts, Diamonds, Fields, and Courses

VOCABULARY: angle, triangulate, rectangle, square, diamond, rhombus, parallelogram, quadrilateral

OBJECTIVES: demonstrate the use of geometry in designing playing fields and courses

SUBJECTS: math, geometry, measurement

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 4,5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: sports referees, surveyors, cartographers, engineers, mathematicians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Practice laying out tennis courts, basketball courts, golf courses, soccer fields, football fields, and baseball diamonds according to the required rules of play. Preliminary work could be done using paper and pencil indoors. Should include laying out a basketball court or a baseball diamond on an actual lot or field.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: graph paper, field, measuring devices, compass

PREPARATION REQUIRED: scout fields and lots, locate official rules of play for different sports requiring fields, courses, or courts

ACTVITY #: 41 GRADES: 2,3,4,5
TITLE: Flowers and Seeds

VOCABULARY: pollination, stamen, pistil, ovary, petal, pollen, egg, root, stem, leaf, bud, germination, seed

OBJECTIVES: knowledge of plant growth from seeds and the life cycle stages of plants

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min., repeat visits appropriate GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.1 (life cycles) 3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: horticulturist, botanists, gardeners, nurseries, biologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate that seeds germinate and grow to produce plants, even big trees. Germinate different kinds of seeds. Grow plants from seed. Discuss plant life cycle from seed to flower. Demonstrate functions of different kinds of seeds. Demonstrate the different forms that the basic parts of a flower can take. Dissect flowers to identify parts and functions. Pollinate flowers an observe seed production. Discuss the role roots play in the growth of plants.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: seeds, potting materials, plants, magnifying glass, large flower for dissection

PREPARATION REQUIRED: arrange schedules for repeat visits, collect variety of flowers and seeds, plan pollination and seed germination experiments/demonstrations

ACTIVITY #: 42 GRADES: 2,3,4,5
TITLE: Useful Plants

VOCABULARY: pharmacy, medicine, textiles, agriculture

OBJECTIVES: learn how plants are useful to people

SUBJECTS: life science, conservation

TIME REQUIRED: 30-40 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: pharmacologists, food scientists, biologists, ecologists, textile scientists, plant scientists, agricultural extension agents

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate uses of plants with examples from medicine, cosmetics, clothing, agriculture, etc. Include materials for students to handle. Include both obvious and not obvious examples of useful plants. Mention the search for new varieties of useful plants and the developing role of biotechnology in creating new varieties. Emphasize the importance of existing biological diversity and the threat of biological extinction. Bring examples of the variety of products that come from local farms.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: sample plant products, include products from North Carolina farms

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials to share

ACTIVITY #: 44 GRADES: 2,3,4,5

TITLE: Kinds of Energy

VOCABULARY: energy, electricity, heat, light, mechanical, wind, water, fossil fuels, gravity, pressure

OBJECTIVES: know that energy has different forms, and discover their uses

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.4 (energy systems)
4/5.4 (interaction of matter & energy)
5/5.2 (sources and forms of energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, physicists, chemists, electricians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate different forms of energy in action. Include energy examples each student can experience individually. Illustrate the transfer of energy from one form to another. Allow students to set up and operate projects that produce and use various forms of energy, such as heat, light, gravitational, chemical, and electrical. Discuss and illustrate the practical uses of each of these forms. Describe the sources and uses of fossil fuels.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: cards, pictures of energy sources, lamps, candles, machines, fans

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collection of needed materials, preparation for student participation

ACTIVITY #: 45 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4,5

TITLE: Animal Care and Handling

VOCABULARY: grooming, nutrition, vaccination, veterinarian, domestic, tame, wild, disease

OBJECTIVES: discover proper care and management of domestic and wild animals

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 1/5.1 (needs of organisms)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: veterinarians, pet shop workers, zoologists, hobbyists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Bring live pets and demonstrate proper care including grooming, nutrition, preventative health care, and habitat. Demonstrate instruments used in animal grooming, health care, and disease treatment. Illustrate the differences between domestic and wild animals, and the different kinds of care required.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: stethoscope, live animals, preserved specimens, grooming aids, food samples

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare animals for transport and introduction in a school classroom, prepare students for animals in the classroom

ACTIVITY #: 46 GRADES: 2,3,4,5

TITLE: Measuring Heat Energy

VOCABULARY: thermometer, temperature

OBJECTIVES: learn how heat energy is measured

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 min

GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.4 (weather & related cycles)
4/5.5 (heat energy transfer)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: meteorologists, chemists, physicists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Record daily temperatures in different locations. Conduct experiments demonstrating heat transfer and dispersion. Demonstrate different ways to measure heat energy. Assist students in assembling heat measuring devices.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: various thermometers (Celsius, Fahrenheit), materials to make thermometers

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collection of thermometers and materials for students to make their own

ACTIVITY #: 47 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4,5

TITLE: Hazardous Materials

VOCABULARY: chemical, hazardous, poison, flammable, explosive, corrosive, water table

OBJECTIVES: learn about hazardous household materials and how they are a danger to us and our environment

SUBJECTS: conservation, science and human endeavors, earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min

GRADE/GOALS:
K-5/5.4 (wise use of natural resources)
1/5.3 (safety)
2/5.3 (matter)
5/5.4 (wise use of natural resources)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: municipal government, conservationists, chemists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate the products used in the home that contain hazardous chemicals. Classify hazardous materials that appear in the home. Role play the effects of pollution on the environment. Demonstrate the proper disposal of household hazardous wastes.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: common household cleaners, paints, and pesticides

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect household materials, arrange field trip to water plant or wastewater treatment plant

ACTIVITY #: 48 GRADES: K,1,2,4

TITLE: Animals, Animals, Animals

VOCABULARY: same, different, compare, behavior, vertebrate, invertebrate, habitat, niche, adaptation, classification, environment, hibernate, migrate

OBJECTIVES: learn similarities and differences among animals, and the variety of ways animals adapt to their environment

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.1 (needs of organisms) 2/5.1 (life cycles) 2/5.2 (environmental adaptations) 3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 4/5.1 (animal groupings) 4/5.2 (animal behavior)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: farmers, zoologists, veterinarians, museum personnel, wildlife biologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate with live and preserved specimens the great variety of animal life, including fish, reptile, amphibian, arthropod, bird, and mammal. Include some illustration of the variety of forms possible even within one group of animal, eg, birds. Illustrate habitats for different animals and discuss animal adaptation to different environments, and resulting evolutionary changes. Describe different adaptations to meet the same basic need, eg., locomotion or eating. Could include a nature walk around the school grounds or a field trip to a museum or a farm.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: live,preserved animal specimens,food,visual aids

PREPARATION REQUIRED: arrange to bring live animals to school, scout vicinity of school for a nature walk, plan field trip

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:
Slide/Tape Presentation: N.C. Wildlife Federation

Predators - They're Part of the Picture 1024 Washington St.; Raleigh 27605

ph: 833-1923

Teacher Guide (K-8): Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Let's Hear It For Herps 4001D Carya Dr.

Teacher's Guide (K-12): Wolf Pac Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Birds! Birds! Birds! ph: 250-1050

Amazing Mammals: Pt I & II Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 49 GRADES: 2,3,4,5

TITLE: Magnetism

VOCABULARY: magnet, poles, attract, repel, generator, solar cell, battery, static, compass, iron, electromagnet

OBJECTIVES: gain knowledge of the nature and uses of magnetism

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.2 (material objects) 2/5.3 (matter) 3/5.4 (energy systems) 4/5.4 (interaction of matter & energy) 5/5.2 (sources & forms of energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, physicists, electricians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate different kinds of magnets and common features of all magnets. Explore natural magnets, motors, generators, and other sources of magnetic force. Conduct experiments demonstrating the nature and uses of magnetism, and the ability of electrical energy to create a magnet. Examine a computer disk and a cassette tape as magnetic information storage devices.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: magnets, batteries, solar cell, generator, wire, electromagnet, electric engine, computer disk, cassette tape, motor, compass, iron filings

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare experiments for student participation

ACTIVITY #: 50 GRADES: K,2,5

TITLE: Weather and You

VOCABULARY: forecasts, storms, precaution

OBJECTIVES: learn about weather conditions and appropriate behaviors

SUBJECTS: earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30 min. GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.4 (weather & related cycles) 5/5.6 (weather & climate)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: meteorologists, climatologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate different types of weather. Listen to and interpret weather forecasts, and determine how to react to them (what to wear, seasonal changes, safety precautions for approaching storms).

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, pictures, clothing for various conditions

PREPARATION REQUIRED: assemble clothing examples

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Teacher Guide (K-8): Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Wild About Weather 4001D Carya Dr.

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

ph: 250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 51 GRADES: 2,5

TITLE: Fossil Finds

VOCABULARY: dinosaur, fossil, evolution, adaptation, extinction, species, natural selection, layer, geology

OBJECTIVES: discover the history of life on earth, including its evolution, diversity, and the methods used to study it

SUBJECTS: earth science, life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.5 (prehistoric life) 5/5.5 (earth over time)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: geologists, paleontologists, museum scientists, biologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate how fossils are formed. Show real fossils. Role play a dinosaur time line or construct models of evolutionary change. Define extinction and illustrate forces that could have caused dinosaurs to become extinct. Describe how animals and plants adapt to changing environments, and how these adaptations can lead to new forms of living things.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: models, fossils, time lines, illustrations

PREPARATION REQUIRED: confer with teacher prior to visit to assess class focus

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Teacher Guide (K-8): Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Digging Into Dinosaurs 4001D Carya Dr.

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 52 GRADES: 2,3,4

TITLE: Planets and Stars

VOCABULARY: solar system, constellations, planets, suns, orbits, meteor, comet, meteorite, asteroid, gravity, orbit, friction, astronomy, galaxy

OBJECTIVES: discover our solar system and all its members, and learn about the stars and galaxies that make up the universe

SUBJECTS: earth science, space science, physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 4/5.3 (solar systems)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: astronomers, physicists, museum scientists, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate variety of planets and other bodies in our solar system, stars in our galaxy, and galaxies in the universe! Illustrate planetary discoveries made by Voyagers I and II spacecraft. Discuss Magellan mission to Venus underway, and Galileo spacecraft mission to Jupiter. Discuss space telescope mission. Describe what meteors are, why they are visible, and why they are more numerous at certain times of the year

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: solar system and spacecraft models, star charts, photographs, distance models, meteorites, telescope

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan interesting demonstrations of sizes and distances involved in astronomy, collect meteorites and visual aids, prepare models

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Teacher Guide (K-8): Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Astronomy Adventures 4001D Carya Dr.

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

ph: 250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 53 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Fields of Science

VOCABULARY: connections, relationships, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, stereotype, research, engineering, invention, discovery, application, development, technician

OBJECTIVES: discover the variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, learn the differences between them, the connections among them, and the career opportunities

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min GRADE/GOALS:
4-5/goals 1 (nature of science) 4-5/goals 4 (attitudes toward science)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: scientists, engineers, health professionals, technicians, mathematicians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Describe the variety of scientific and engineering fields and what they do. Illustrate the differences between science and engineering and the disciplines of each. Demonstrate the connections between science and engineering and among the fields of science and engineering. Describe the variety of careers that involve scientific or engineering backgrounds or experience, including technician positions.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: diagrams, slides, charts

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare a lively presentation

ACTIVITY #: 54 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Nutrition

VOCABULARY: carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, mineral, calories, dietary

OBJECTIVES: Demonstrate the four basic food groups, discover the recommended dietary allowance, and explore labels on packaged foods to calculate dietary budgets

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.6 (nutrition)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: food scientist, nutritionists, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Bring examples of the four basic food groups. Examine dietary information on packaged foods. Calculate dietary budgets for calories, vitamins, cholesterol, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and salt. Discuss the effects of food preparation methods on nutritional content of foods.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: foodstuffs, charts with recommended dietary allowances, calculators

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect foods and charts

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Filmstrip/Cassette/Teacher's Guide: American Cancer Soc.

Early Start to Good Health (K-3) Raleigh - 834-1636

Health Network (4-6) Durham - 490-1875

Posters & Brochures Chapel Hill - 490-5787

Teacher's Guides: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Food Energy & You (4-8) 4001D Carya Drive

World Food Day (K-12) Raleigh, N.C. 27610

ph: 250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones

ACTIVITY #: 55 GRADES: 2,4

TITLE: Monitoring the Weather

VOCABULARY: meteorology, thermometer, barometer, anemometer, hygrometer, windvane, raingauge

OBJECTIVES: learn what we measure when we monitor the weather, and examine the instruments used by weather forecasters

SUBJECTS: earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 min., repeat visit(s) appropriate GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.4 (weather & related cycles) 5/5.6 (weather & climate)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: meteorologists, climatologists, engineers, mechanics

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Explore temperature, air pressure, and water in the air. Measure each of these factors. Construct home-made instruments to measure changes in these features of the weather. Set up a weather station in the classroom. Help students start a daily classroom record of the local weather. Practice charting and graphing skills while presenting recorded weather measurements.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: weather instruments, materials for making homemade weather instruments, graph paper

PREPARATION REQUIRED: practice building home-made instruments

ACTIVITY #: 56 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5

TITLE: Ecological Balance

VOCABULARY: interdependent, environment, food chain, conservation, pollution, population, niche

OBJECTIVES: discover the diversity and interdependence of living things and their environment

SUBJECTS: life science, conservation

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.1 (needs of organisms) 2/5.2 (environmental adaptations) 3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 4/5.2 (animal behavior) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: wildlife biologists, ecologists, zoologists, botanists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Examine diversity of life found in different plant/animal communities, eg. aquarium, pond, rotting log, square of leaf litter and soil dug up. Discover the relationships among the plants and animals in a forest or a farmer's field. Role play food chain games. Discuss population growth in relation to the carrying capacity of the environment.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: magnifying glasses, pictures of food chains, bucket and trowel, fish nets

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare role-playing, scout appropriate forest or farm walks, ponds etc.

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Slide/Tape Presentation: N.C. Wildlife Fed.

Forests Are More Than Trees 1024 Washington St.

35 mm film: Raleigh, N.C. 27605

So Little Time 833-1923

Diving Into Oceans 4001D Carya Drive

Endangered Species Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Rain Forest: Tropical Treasures ph: 250-1050 Contact: Shelia Jones

Trees are Terrific

Wading into Wetlands

Manure, Meadow & Milkshakes

Teacher's Guide (K-12): Wolf Pac

Sharing Nature with Children

Sharing the Joy of Nature

Keepers of the Earth

Coloring Books: N.C. Colorful WILD Places

Habitat is Where It's At

Music Cassette: Audubon Adventure

Video Tapes: The Lorax

Rain Forest Rap

ACTIVITY #: 57 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Radio and Television Technology

VOCABULARY: electrical energy, frequency, broadcast, signal, station, wavelength, vacuum tube, transistor, switch

OBJECTIVES: Discover how radio and TV signals are produced, how they reach your home, and how your radio or TV produces sounds or pictures from these signals

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.4 (energy systems)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: engineers, electricians, TV repair person

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Bring in televisions and radios that can be disassembled and reassembled, and that work. Use role playing, models, and illustrations to describe how radio signals are produced, transmitted, received, and translated into sound. Could include amateur radio demonstration.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: radios, televisions, wave generator, models

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect radios and televisions and wave generator, prepare models

ACTIVITY #: 58 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Safer Alternatives to Toxics

VOCABULARY: alternative, toxic, aerosol, nontoxic, danger, poison, warning, caution, labels, symbols

OBJECTIVES: discover how to interpret labels according to degree of toxicity; learn about and make safer alternative products

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors, conservation, life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/3.1 (safety)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: municipal government, conservationist, engineer

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Have groups of students divide products into categories based on how dangerous they think they are. Discuss official meanings of the terms "danger", "poison", "warning", " and "caution". Regroup the products. Describe safer alternatives for the toxic products, and make alternatives, eg., furniture polish.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: household products, furniture polish, vegetable oil, lemon juice, white vinegar, soft cloth

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare discussion

ACTIVITY #: 59 GRADES: 3,4

TITLE: Satellites in Orbit

VOCABULARY: moon phases, rotation, revolution, high and low tides, orbit, gravity, friction, period

OBJECTIVES: learn how satellites stay in orbit, and about earth as a satellite of the sun and the moon as a satellite of earth

SUBJECTS: earth science, space science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.2 (earth cycles)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: astronomers, meteorologists, geologists, geographers, museum personnel

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate how a satellite stays in orbit around another object in space. Demonstrate the movement of the earth around the sun, and of the moon around the earth using solar system and earth-moon models. Illustrate how these movements change the position and appearance of the sun and the moon from the surface of the earth. Describe how these movements affect our climate and oceanic tides. Students could role-play some of these interactions.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: solar system models, earth-moon system models, flashlight, globe

PREPARATION REQUIRED: develop use of sun-earth-moon model to demonstrate phases of the moon, night/dark cycles, seasonal weather changes, and tides

ACTIVITY #: 60 GRADES: 2,3,4

TITLE: Rockets

VOCABULARY: thrust, gravity, payload, force, momentum, velocity, mass, acceleration

OBJECTIVES: learn how rockets work and what they are used for

SUBJECTS: earth science, physical science, space science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min., repeat visits appropriate

GRADE/GOALS:

GROUP SIZE: 25-50

SOURCES: aerospace engineers, physicists, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate how rockets work, highlighting the basic natural laws involved. Build and fire a model rocket. Discuss the uses rockets have today and may have tomorrow. Illustrate rockets used in spaceflight. Highlight safety precautions required when handling explosive materials. Have students work in teams to ensure the safe preparation, launch, and recovery of model rockets.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: model rocket set, slides, pictures

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare model rocket, arrange appropriate time and place to fire rocket

ACTIVITY #: 61 GRADES: 1,2,3

TITLE: Electrical Energy Experiments

VOCABULARY: electrons, magnets, repel, attract, circuit, positive, negative

OBJECTIVES: understand electricity, electromagnetism, static electricity, electrical circuits, and electrical safety

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.4 (energy systems)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: electricians, electrical engineers, physicists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate static electricity, simple circuits, and electromagnets. Conduct experiments illustrating the principles of electricity and magnetism.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: wire, batteries, materials for experiments, magnets

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan experiments to be executed with the assistance of students

ACTIVITY #: 62 GRADES: 2,3,4

TITLE: Solid to Liquid to Gas

VOCABULARY: solid, liquid, gas, boiling, condensation, volume, graduated cup,temperature

OBJECTIVES: know the basic properties of matter, and discover how to change from one state to the other two

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.3 (matter) 4/5.4 (interaction of matter & energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: meteorologists, chemists, physicists, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Compare and contrast solids, liquids, and gases. Measure their various properties: length, weight, size, buoyancy, volume, pressure, color, density, conductivity, temperature, etc. Conduct experiments that demonstrate how a substance changes from one state to another and back again. Examine the influence of changes of state on temperature and vice versa.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: hot plate or other heat source, lab glassware, ice-cooler, graduated cylinders, measuring instruments, liquid nitrogen

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare experiments for student participation

ACTIVITY #: 64 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5

TITLE: All Kinds of Plants

VOCABULARY: same, different, leaves, flowers, stems, shape, roots, trunk, bark, compare

OBJECTIVES: discover the wide variety of plant life

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 20-40 min., could include a field trip GRADE/GOALS:
1/5.1 (needs of organisms) 2/5.1 (life cycles) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: botanists, landscapers, nurseries, foresters, botanical gardens

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate with live and preserved specimens the variety of plant life. Describe the growth and care of plants. Discuss the different life cycles of plants. Use dried plant materials in art projects. Let students identify odors from different leaves, flowers, and fruits. Include a nature walk around the school grounds. Could include a field trip to a greenhouse, a botanical garden, or a nursery.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: live and preserved plant specimens

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect specimens, scout vicinity of school for plant diversity, arrange field trip

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Teacher's Guide: Chatham County Ext.:542-8202

River's Edge Durham County Ext.: 560-0533

Wake County Ext: 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 65 GRADES: K,1,2

TITLE: Food Sensations

VOCABULARY: salty, sweet, sour, bitter, hard, thick, sticky, chewy, texture, taste

OBJECTIVES: discover the different kinds of tastes of food

SUBJECTS: life science, science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: K/5.2 (use of senses)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: food scientists, nutritionists, cooks

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Taste test different foods, rank on different categories of taste. Have students identify basic flavors in foods. Determine the effect of color on taste sensations of food and drink.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: food products, cotton swabs, toothpicks, cups, blindfolds, paper plates, paper towels

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare food for tests

ACTIVITY #: 66 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Science Has Improved the Quality of Life

VOCABULARY: electronics, transportation, agriculture, health, communications

OBJECTIVES: illustrate ways scientific discoveries have improved peoples' lives

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-40 min. GRADE/GOALS:
K-5/Goal 1 (nature of science) K-5/Goal 4 (attitudes toward science)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: all science and engineering

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Describe scientific discoveries that have improved peoples' lives. Bring in objects that were discovered or developed as a direct or indirect result of scientific research and exploration. Discuss discoveries that are just now being translated into new products. Speculate on emerging discoveries and what advances or products they may lead to.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: inventions and products resulting from research and exploration

PREPARATION REQUIRED: compile list of inventions and explanation of how they were discovered

ACTIVITY #: 67 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Microscopic Life

VOCABULARY: light microscope, slide, protozoa, algae, rotifer, bacteria, stage, eyepiece, objective, focus, magnification

OBJECTIVES: learn use of the microscope, preparation of slides, discover microscopic life

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 40-60 min., repeat visit(s) appropriate

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, biologists, marine biologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate the microscope in action. Prepare several jars with pond and stream water, soil, shredded paper, and eggs to serve as a source of microscopic life to explore under the microscope. Close some jars tightly to exclude oxygen and favor anaerobic life forms. Follow succession of microscopic organisms that flourish in the different cultures. Let students examine leaves, fruits, flowers, bread mold, and yeast dissolved in water to identify helpful and harmful microorganisms.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: microscopes, slides, Protoslo solution, water samples, jars, petri dishes

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan to allow several days or a couple weeks for pond water to incubate and microscopic life to proliferate in the jars

ACTIVITY #: 68 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Natural History of North Carolina

VOCABULARY: coastal plain, Piedmont, mountains, soils, vegetation, water, lakes, rivers, sounds, islands, beaches, wetlands

OBJECTIVES: increase awareness of the natural history of North Carolina

SUBJECTS: life science, conservation

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.3 (rocks and soil) 4/4.2 (natural resource preservation) 5/5.3 (natural resource preservation) 5/5.4 (wise use of natural resources)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: zoologists, biologists, museum personnel, veterinarians, farmers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Discuss soil formation, vegetation history, coastal environments and issues, mountain ecology and geology, agriculture, and conservation of natural resources in North Carolina.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: rock and mineral samples, agricultural products, charts and maps, visual aids

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare a lively discussion of issues important to the students related to natural history and resource conservation

ACTIVITY #: 69 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Insects and Other Arthropods

VOCABULARY: arthropod, insect, exoskeleton, entomology, protective coloring, metamorphosis, mimicry

OBJECTIVES: discover the world of insects and other arthropods

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
4/5.1 (animal groupings) 4/5.2 (animal behavior)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: entomologists, pest control professionals, zoologists, biologists, plant pathologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate the characteristics of arthropods with living and preserved specimens. Demonstrate the variety of forms, behaviors, and adaptations of different insects, eg., mimicry. Introduce students to insect collecting. Show how insects use protective coloring. Discuss life cycles and leave pupae for students to observe. Nature hike possible around school.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: live and preserved arthropods, insect collections and collecting equipment

PREPARATION REQUIRED: acquire live and preserved specimens

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Teacher's Guides: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Incredible Insects 4001D Carya Dr.

Incredible Insects Discovery Pak Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Coloring Book: 250-1050

Coloring Fun With Insects Contact: Sheliah Jones

ACTIVITY #: 70 GRADES: 4

TITLE: Marine Life

VOCABULARY: marine, phytoplankton, zooplankton, vertebrate, invertebrate, cetacean, migration

OBJECTIVES: learn about forms and diversity of marine life

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min. GRADE/GOALS:
4/5.1 (animal groupings) 4/5.2 (animal behavior)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: marine biologists, zoologists, Sea Grant personnel, museum personnel, environmentalists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate different forms of life found in the ocean and their adaptations to these unique habitats. Follow a marine food chain. Marine mammal anatomy and behavior may be included with audio or videotapes of dolphins and whales. A discussion of current topics such as whaling and threat of extinction to whales, and effects on dolphins caused by open ocean fishing could be included.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, photographs, tape players (audio and video tapes), whale and dolphin models and skeletons/bones

PREPARATION REQUIRED: practice integrating video and audio tapes into a lively classroom presentation

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Coloring Book: Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist

Seashore Life 4001D Carya Dr.

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

250-1050

ACTIVITY #: 71 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Genetics and Inheritance

VOCABULARY: genes, heredity, recessive, dominant, traits, chromosomes, variability

OBJECTIVES: discover patterns of genetic variability and inheritance of different human characteristics

SUBJECTS: life science, health

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 min., repeat visit(s) appropriate

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: geneticists, biologists, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Record genetic differences among family lineages and classmates (eg., eye and hair color, height, ear lobes, and tongue curling). Demonstrate variability among the general population compared to within a family. Discuss genes, genetic inheritance, genetic variability, and dominant and recessive genetic traits using data collected by the students. Instruct students in making a family tree for an inherited trait.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, photographs, chart paper, taste test papers

PREPARATION REQUIRED: research the inheritance of eye and hair color, height, ear lobes, tongue curling, or other measurable human traits with a clear genetic basis, and arrange for repeat visit(s)

ACTIVITY #: 72 GRADES: 2,4

TITLE: From Atoms on Up

VOCABULARY: molecule, proton, electron, neutron, element, compound, atom

OBJECTIVES: learn the basic atomic and molecular structure of matter

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3/5.4 (energy systems)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: physicists, chemists, nuclear scientists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Assemble models of an atom. Show how parts of an atom interact with other atoms. Describe the basis of electrical and chemical interactions among atoms and molecules. Using students as parts of the atom, build, and demonstrate the basic structure of the atom.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: atom model kits

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare atom models for use by each student or small group

ACTIVITY #: 73 GRADES: 4

TITLE: The BIG BANG

VOCABULARY: universe, billion, gravity, speed of light

OBJECTIVES: learn some theories of the origin of the universe

SUBJECTS: space and physical sciences

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.5 (earth over time)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: astronomers, planetarium personnel, physicists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Describe theories of the origin of the universe. Using models, discuss the Big Bang theory, the age of the universe, the expansion of the universe, and the size of the universe.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, photographs, charts, models

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare models and charts for demonstrations

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Teacher's Guide (K-8): Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Astronomy Adventures 4001D Carya Dr.

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

250-1050

Contact: Sheliah Jones

ACTIVITY #: 74 GRADES: 5

TITLE: Natural Resource Conservation

VOCABULARY: watershed, conservation, soil profile, water cycle, atmosphere, pollution, biodegradable, recycle, renewable, ecology

OBJECTIVES: learn about the values of our natural resources and the effects of pollution on them

SUBJECTS: conservation, life science, earth science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min., field trip appropriate GRADE/GOALS:
5/5.3 (natural resource preservation) 5/5.4 (wise use of natural resources)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: wildlife biologists, ecologists, conservationists, environmentalists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate the array of natural resources in North Carolina, the USA, and the world. Find natural resources represented in the vicinity of the school building (soil, air, forests, water). Describe element cycles (eg. water) in the biosphere. View exhibits of wildlife and forest resources in the Piedmont, coastal plains, and mountains of North Carolina. Discuss how people can damage natural resources with pollution and maintain natural resources by recycling and conservation.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, photographs, shovel, bucket, ruler, maps

PREPARATION REQUIRED: scout school grounds for examples of nearby natural resources, arrange a field trip or museum visit

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Slide/Tape Presentation: N.C. Wildlife Fed.

Earth Day, Every Day 1024 Washington St.

35 mm Film: Raleigh, N.C. 27605

So Little Time 833-1923

Endangered Species:Wild & Rare 4001D Carya Dr.

Rain Forests:Tropical Treasures Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Trees Are Terrific ph: 250-1050

Wading Into Wetlands Contact: Shelia Jones

Manure, Meadows & Milkshakes

Teaching Conservation to Grades 1-5

Teacher's Guide (4-8):

Arbor Day - A Celebration of Stewardship

Streamwalking for Kids

Teacher Books:

Sharing Nature with Children

Sharing the Joy of Nature

Keepers of the Earth

Coloring Books:

N.C. Colorful WILD Places

Habitat is Where It's At

Wetlands

Music Cassettes:

Romp in the Swamp

Recycling Mania

Video Tapes:

The Lorax

Rain Forest Rap

The Man Who Planted Trees

Teacher's Guide: U.S. Dept. of Ag. - SCS

Soil Cons. Topics Ed. Kit: 4405 Bland Rd.

III. Ecological Resources Raleigh, N.C. 27605

790-2887

Teacher's Guide: Chatham Ag. Ext.:542-8202

River's Edge (5th Grade) Durham Ag. Ext.:560-0533

Wake Ag. Ext.: 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 75 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Science and Health

VOCABULARY: nutrition, prevention, cure, nutrients, toxins

OBJECTIVES: know that science contributes to health

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.6 (nutrition) 4/5.7 (chemical substances & the body) 5/5.7 (physical fitness)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: nutritionists, hospital personnel, agricultural extension agents, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Describe the contributions science has made which improve our health (eg. antibiotics, role of nutrition in disease prevention, dangers of smoking, pre-natal care, prevention versus cure). Illustrate how to take advantage of what science can tell us about living healthier lives. Discuss health advances likely in the future.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: charts, slides, visual aids

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect visual aids

ACTIVITY #: 76 GRADES: 5

TITLE: Plant Classification

VOCABULARY: mosses, ferns, angiosperms, gymnosperms

OBJECTIVES: know major kinds of plants

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 40-60 min., could include nature walks

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: botanists, horticulturists, nursery and landscape personnel

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Classify plants according to major structural characteristics. Compare plants from different groups. Grow your own algae for identification. Illustrate the importance of plant classification in understanding the evolution of plants, in conserving endangered species and habitats, and even in criminal investigations. Demonstrate techniques to preserve herbarium specimens.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: plant specimens, hand lenses, plant keys, plant press, hand lenses

PREPARATION REQUIRED: scout areas near school for plant diversity

ACTIVITY #: 77 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Food Preservation and Storage

VOCABULARY: mold, preservative, fermentation, spoil

OBJECTIVES: discover organisms that cause food to spoil, and learn about ways the process of spoiling can be slowed or prevented

SUBJECTS: life science, science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 40-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.6 (nutrition) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: food scientists, nutritionists, agricultural extension agents

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Conduct experiments to determine where mold bacteria and fungi are found, what food sources and environments they need to grow, and how to prevent their growth.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: bread, petri dishes, paper towels, foods, water sprayer

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare experiments

ACTIVITY #: 78 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Potential and Kinetic Energy

VOCABULARY: potential energy, kinetic energy, stationary, gravity

OBJECTIVES: know the difference between potential and kinetic energy

SUBJECTS: physical science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 5/5.2 (sources & forms of energy)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: physicists, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate potential and kinetic energy. Utilize students in tests of potential and kinetic energy. Demonstrate the transfer of potential energy to kinetic energy. Measure potential energy and measure the kinetic energy it leads to.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: ball, club, instruments to measure mass and velocity

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan experiments and measurements for student participation

ACTIVITY #: 79 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Future Discoveries and Inventions

VOCABULARY: discover, invent, experiment, research, curiosity,

OBJECTIVES: consider the discoveries that may be made by the students of today who will be the scientists and engineers of tomorrow

SUBJECTS: science and human endeavors

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 3-5/Goal 1 (nature of science)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: scientists, engineers, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Explore the major areas within which important scientific or engineering advances may be made early in the next century. Discuss how these advances will probably come about, ie., what research and development work will be like for those who will make these new discoveries and inventions. Describe the kind of preparation the scientists and engineers of tomorrow will need today to be fully prepared to make the discoveries and inventions of the 21st Century.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: slides, photographs, drawings

PREPARATION REQUIRED: brainstorming the future of science and technology

ACTIVITY #: 80 GRADES: 5

TITLE: Powers of Ten

VOCABULARY: base ten, scientific notation

OBJECTIVES: learn the basics and uses of scientific notation

SUBJECTS: math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: mathematician, engineer, statistician

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Examine the magnitude of change indicated by power of ten differences in distance, weight, and speed. Discover how scientific notation can indicate very large and very small numbers quickly and easily.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: visual aids to indicate size and weight differences described by powers of ten

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare lively activities

ACTIVITY #: 81 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Number Bases

VOCABULARY: binary code, computer

OBJECTIVES: discover counting in number bases other than base ten, and explore possible uses of these other number bases

SUBJECTS: math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min.

GRADE/GOALS: 5/ mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: mathematician, engineer, statistician

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Develop "hands-on" tools for teaching counting with number bases other than ten. Illustrate number bases used in various applications, e.g.., binary in computers. Quantify various characteristics of the class (e.g.., number of students, student height and weight) using base two and base eight number systems.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: instruments to aid counting in different number bases

PREPARATION REQUIRED: develop and build simple tool to illustrate counting in different number bases

ACTIVITY #: 82 GRADES: 1,2,3,4,5

TITLE: Soil and the Environment

VOCABULARY: pesticides, fertilizers, landfill, organic chemicals, erosion, soil conservation

OBJECTIVES: discover the roles of soil as a natural resource to be wisely used, protected, and conserved, and explore how soil can be mismanaged, abused, and lost

SUBJECTS: earth science, conservation

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.3 (rocks and soil) 5/5.5 (earth over time)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: soil scientist, soil conservation service/district, agricultural extension agent, farmer, agronomist

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate how we use soils every day to survive. Discuss soil erosion, possibly include some role playing activities to demonstrate how soils are lost and how they can be conserved. Demonstrate how surface applications of pesticides and fertilizers can end up in our drinking water. Use a soil model to illustrate water movement through the soil into the groundwater table. Discuss landfills and the role of recycling in limiting landfill requirements.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: 4-H Activity Book Soil and Water in North Carolina, tray of soil, tray of sod, water and container, pan

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect supplies, prepare materials

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS & THEIR SOURCES:

Slide/Tape Presentations: N.C. Wildlife Fed.

Soil - We Can't Live Without It 1024 Washington St.

Raleigh, N.C. 27605

ph: 833-1923

Teacher's Guide (K-2): Wake Soil & Water Cons. Dist.

Land for Life 4001D Carya Dr.

Teacher's Guide (K-8): Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Land Use Mgmt. Activities ph: 250-1050

for the Classroom Contact: Shelia Jones

Coloring Book:

Sammy Soil Saver

Music Cassettes:

Hug the Earth

Earthy Tunes

Dirt Made My Lunch

Slide/Tape Presentations:

Muddy Water: Public Enemy #1

The Water Erosion Process

Video Tapes:

Soil & Water Conservation:

I. Our Agricultural Resource Base

III. Cleaner Water Through Soil Conservation

New Dust Bowl Blues

The Rotten Truth About Garbage

The Man Who Planted Trees

Teacher's Guide: U.S. Dept. of Ag. - SCS

Soil Cons. Topics Ed. Kit: 4405 Bland Rd.

IV. Soil & Water Cons. Raleigh, N.C. 27609

790-2887

Teacher's Guide: Chatham Ag. Ext.:542-8202

River's Edge Durham Ag. Ext.:560-0533

Wake Ag. Ext.: 250-1100

ACTIVITY #: 83 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Plant Disease

VOCABULARY: disease, host, pathogen, environment, control, parasite

OBJECTIVES: discover the nature and causes of plant disease, and learn the importance of plants in food production

SUBJECTS: life science

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 5/5.1 (plant communities)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: plant pathologists, botanists, agronomists, agricultural extension agents

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Examine disease plant specimens for symptoms of disease. Develop concept of plant disease by relation to human health and disease. Design and carry out experiment to observe the development of a plant disease.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: disease specimens (fresh and preserved), color photos, microscope, dissecting microscope, hand lens, seeds, potting materials, inoculum of pathogen, plastic bags

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare inoculum several days/weeks before visit

ACTIVITY #: 84 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Pregnancy and Birth

VOCABULARY: baby, birth, placenta, umbilical cord, Lamaze, fetus, uterus

OBJECTIVES: discover the environment in which babies grow; their capabilities before and after birth; the birth process

SUBJECTS: life science, health

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 min. GRADE/GOALS:
2/5.1 (life cycles) 4/5.1 (animal groupings) 4/5.2 (animal behavior) 5/health

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Discuss fetal development, birth, newborn characteristics. Could also include, at discretion of teacher and depending on grade level, discussions of conception and sexuality.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: audio-visual materials, newborn baby, pregnant mother

PREPARATION REQUIRED: coordinate with teacher, prepare materials

ACTIVITY #: 85 GRADES: K,1,2,3

TITLE: Data Collection

VOCABULARY: information, predict, graphs (pictorial, concrete, bar, horizontal, circular)

OBJECTIVES:develop an understanding of data collection, display, and interpretation

SUBJECTS: math, statistics

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: researchers, accountants, statisticians, marketing staff

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Involve students in data collection around the school building and display of collected information in several different ways. Lead students to an understanding of how data is used in everyday life, e.g.., in marketing, research, accounting. Look for patterns in data.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: measuring instruments, graph paper, rulers, sample graphs, charts, and tables

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare sample graphs of tabulated data

ACTIVITY #: 86 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Sampling and Surveys

VOCABULARY: hypothesis, bias, sample, survey, poll, graph, average, mean

OBJECTIVES: collect, display, and use data from real life situations

SUBJECTS: math, statistics, graphing

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: 5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: researchers, statisticians, public relations, marketing, pollsters, psychologists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate and use methods for collection of data for a survey in the school building. Using raw data, demonstrate compilation and display in real world situations, demonstrate decisions or predictions based on data. Construct a variety of graphs. Could involve follow-up visit to summarize results of a survey conducted in the school.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: graph paper, sample surveys, tabulated data, charts and graphs

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare survey questions for use in classroom and school building

ACTIVITY #: 87 GRADES: K,1,2,3,4,5

TITLE: Geometric Shapes in 3-D

VOCABULARY: cube, cone, cylinder, prism, pyramid, vertices, sphere, attributes, faces, edges, congruency, similarity, octagon, hexagon, polyhedral

OBJECTIVES: develop an understanding of 3-dimensional figures (K-3), identify, describe, compare, and classify geometric figures (3-5)

SUBJECTS: math, geometry

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: architects, artists, interior designers, engineers, chemists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Explore geometric solids in the environment. Examples include boxes, balls, buildings, containers, and books. Construct 3-D figures with toothpicks, clay, straws, blocks, paper, etc. Go on a shape walk around the class or playground. Lead a scavenger hunt for different shapes and figures (cubes, spheres, cones). Explore various attributes of different solids (faces, vertices, and edges). Grow crystals and identify shapes in the crystals using a microscope or illustrations. Describe, model, draw, and classify crystals and other geometric figures.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: geometric solids, toothpicks, clay, straws, paper, crystal-growing materials, microscope, illustrations

PREPARATION REQUIRED: prepare class for a scavenger hunt, practice shapes to build with available materials

ACTIVITY #: 88 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Time and its Measurement

VOCABULARY: lunar cycle, circadian rhythm,

OBJECTIVES: explore the concept and measurement of time

SUBJECTS: math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.2(earth cycles) 3/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: clockmaker, astronomer, physicist, anthropologist

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Display and discuss the use of instruments in measuring the passage of time throughout history and in modern science (atomic clocks, sundials, GPS-global positioning systems). Discuss the origin of units of time on earth (lunar cycles, tides, rotation of the earth). Explore how time is different on other planets, how astronauts use time. Explore circadian rhythms and the relationship of biological time to lunar cycles.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: clocks, materials to make simple time measurement instruments

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials

ACTIVITY #: 89 GRADES: K,1,2,3

TITLE: Estimating

VOCABULARY: about, near, closer to, between, less, more, reasonable, rounding, almost

OBJECTIVES: develop an understanding of the use and importance of estimation

SUBJECTS: math, problem solving

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: statisticians, mathematicians, marketing, researchers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Share with students specific examples of estimation used in different occupations. Apply estimation in working with quantities, measurement, computation and problem solving (including number of objects in different size containers, number of boxes it would take to fill a room, etc.). Have students use estimation to numerically characterize their class- and school-mates.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: calculators, boxes filled with beans, etc.

PREPARATION REQUIRED: think up things to estimate around a school, list ways estimation is used on-the-job

ACTIVITY #: 90 GRADES: 5

TITLE: Solving Numerical Patterns

VOCABULARY: sequence, pattern, rule, geometric, Fibonacci sequence

OBJECTIVES: demonstrate strategies which can be used to identify and describe patterns

SUBJECTS: math, numeration, patterns

TIME REQUIRED: 45-60 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: mathematicians, statisticians

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Search for patterns in number sequences. Demonstrate strategies in detecting number patterns, make generalizations, predict results. Lead students in devising their own number sequences and the rules governing the sequences. Search for number sequences in the natural world.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: number sequences

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect sample number sequences and rules

ACTIVITY #: 91 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Protractor and Construction

VOCABULARY: vertices, angle, parallel, bisect, perpendicular, area, perimeter, scale

OBJECTIVES: relate geometry to the construction of models used in building design

SUBJECTS: math, geometry, scaling

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: 4,5/mathematics

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: architects, mathematicians, cartographers, engineers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate the use and creation of blue prints and scale models. Use the tools and the rules of geometry to construct scale models for buildings and other structures. Demonstrate the potential of computer-aided design, linking this advanced technology to the basic rules of geometry. Lead students in an exploration of scaling.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: protractor, compass, graph paper, scale models, calculators, computers and computer-aided design software

PREPARATION REQUIRED: plan construction of scale models, collect materials

ACTIVITY #: 92 GRADES: 3,4

TITLE: Human Growth Patterns

VOCABULARY: prediction, genes, nutrition, diet, rate, pattern, aging

OBJECTIVES: awareness of factors affecting differences in growth rates and patterns

SUBJECTS: health, growth and development, life science, math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: 2/5.1 (life cycles)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Examine growth charts and graphs. Predict growth rates and patterns. Illustrate differences in growth rates and stages of growth, including aging. Demonstrate nutritional, environmental, life style, drug abuse, and genetic factors influencing growth and development.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: bones, preserved specimens, teeth, growth charts, graphs, models, skeletons, family histories

PREPARATION REQUIRED: students could measure and collect individual and family growth history information for analysis in class

ACTIVITY #: 93 GRADES: 3,4

TITLE: Safe and Harmful Medicines and Drugs

VOCABULARY: drugs, medicines, pharmacist, organ, disease, antibiotics, bacteria, fungi, germ, dose

OBJECTIVES: discover trustworthy sources of information about safe uses and harmful abuses of drugs and medicines

SUBJECTS: health, chemical and substance abuse

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: 4/5.7 (chemical substances & the body)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: pharmacists, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Examine examples of medicines and illustrate their uses in disease prevention and cure. Illustrate damages to organs caused by harmful drugs. Explore people in the community who can provide reliable information about medicines and drugs. Demonstrate how drugs work in the body, i.e., antacids and pH, antibiotics and bacterial growth. Discover natural sources for useful drugs and medicines.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: medicines and drugs, tobacco, alcohol, preserved organs, models, antacids, antibiotics, petri dishes, agar, bacterial cultures

PREPARATION REQUIRED: students could prepare questions about medicines and drugs to be sent to volunteer health professional in advance of visit

ACTIVITY #: 94 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Nutritional Foods from North Carolina

VOCABULARY: agriculture, products, nutrition, nutrients, fiber, cholesterol, oil, poultry, diary

OBJECTIVES: learn about the nutritional values of foods produced in North Carolina

SUBJECTS: health, nutrition, life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.6 (nutrition) 4/social studies

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: nutritionists, food scientists, farmers, health professionals, agricultural extension agents

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate with examples foods produced in North Carolina, including peanuts, soybean, sweet potato, poultry, corn, cattle, swine, cucumbers, seafood industry, fruits. Demonstrate preparation of North Carolina food products (e.g.., soybean burgers, peanut butter, cornbread, soybean oil). Compare nutritional values of different North Carolina food products.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: foods, charts, state maps, food preparation equipment, turkey and chicken eggs, seeds, plant parts

PREPARATION REQUIRED: have students collect food products produced in the state

ACTIVITY #: 95 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Smoke and the Human Body

VOCABULARY: smog, second-hand smoke, air pollution, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, hydrocarbons, toxic, carbon monoxide

OBJECTIVES: examine the effects of air pollutants, including tobacco smoke, on human health

SUBJECTS: health, chemical and substance abuse, life science, conservation, math

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: 4/5.7 (chemical substances & the body)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers, environmental scientists

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate with preserved specimens or videotapes the effects of air pollutants, including tobacco smoke, on the human lung and heart. Collect particles from smoke-filled air samples. Establish with basic examples the concepts of clean air, polluted air, healthy lung and heart and circulatory systems. Discover changes in heart and lung function (e.g., rate of heart beats, breathing, lung capacity) at rest and after exercise. Examine location of lungs by percussing the chest cavity. Construct a working model of the lungs.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: preserved specimens (healthy and unhealthy), videotapes and slides, smoke-generating apparatus, air filters, models of heart and lungs, materials to construct model of lungs

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials for models, specimens, prepare student experiments

ACTIVITY #: 96 GRADES: 4,5

TITLE: Human Diseases

VOCABULARY: aerosol, bacteria, virus, contagious, cure, treatment, infectious, prevention, hygiene

OBJECTIVES: discover causes, transmission, prevention, treatment, and cure of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses

SUBJECTS: health, chronic diseases, life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes GRADE/GOALS:
4/5.7 (chemical substances & the body) 4,5/healthful living

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate infectious diseases and how they spread. Demonstrate bacterial growth rates. Demonstrate aerosol dispersion of perfume as a model of airborne disease transmission. Discover the roles of hygiene in disease prevention. Place bacteria, viruses, and single-celled organisms within a classification scheme for all living things. Examine diseases caused by viruses, including the common cold, the flu, and AIDS. Explore differences in diseases caused by bacteria and viruses, including transmission, prevention, and treatment.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: petri dishes, bacterial cultures, perfume, aerosol spray, charts, models

PREPARATION REQUIRED: students prepare questions to be sent to volunteer health professional before visit

ACTIVITY #: 97 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Health Professions

VOCABULARY: laboratory, career, technician, research, clinical (other job-related terms supplied by volunteer)

OBJECTIVES: discover careers in the health professions

SUBJECTS: life science, health

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K-5/healthful living

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate instruments and equipment used by various health professionals on-the-job. Discuss different careers in allied health. Role play patient and various health professional interactions in a hospital or other health facility or laboratory. Discuss education and training required for different careers in the health professions, and future directions in the health professions, including the roles of technology and computers in medical research and practice.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: medical instruments, clothing, equipment

PREPARATION REQUIRED: students prepare questions to be sent to volunteer health professional before visit. Students survey friends and relatives in health careers.

ACTIVITY #: 98 GRADES: 3,4,5

TITLE: Body Systems (Pick One: Circulatory, Digestive, Sensory/Nervous, Skeletal/Muscular)

VOCABULARY: circulatory (heart, pump, vessel, artery, vein, fluid, capillaries, valve, pulse points), digestive (chemical, mechanical, enzymes, absorption, saliva, mouth, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, esophagus, liver, anus), sensory/nervous (eye, ear, inner ear, tongue, nose, skin, nerve/neuron, brain, spinal chord, reflex), skeletal/muscular (bone, joint, marrow, vertebrae, bilateral, symmetry, contraction, tendon, muscle, cartilage, flexibility)

OBJECTIVES: discover form and function of a body system

SUBJECTS: health, body systems, life science

TIME REQUIRED: 30-60 minutes GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.6 (nutrition - digestive) 4/5.7 (chemical substances & the body - nervous) 5/5.7 (physical fitness - circulatory,skeletal/muscular)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Circulatory - Construct a homemade stethoscope and listen to changes in heart beat rate with changes in activity. Dissect a preserved heart. Use a tourniquet to examine blood flow. Observe blood vessels under the tongue. Digestive - Model peristalsis using a tube of toothpaste. Test the effects of saliva on starch in a cracker. Test for fat, starch, or protein in foods. Sensory/Nervous - See the sound of a voice using a "soundscope" can (see citation below). Examine ear canals. Find the blind spot in the eye. Examine the usefulness of two eyes or ears over just one. Dissect a preserved eye or brain. Test reflexes and muscle learning. Challenge your brain by trying to catch a dollar bill as it flutters to the ground. Skeletal/Muscular - Model different kinds of joints. Examine the connections between muscles and bones in preserved animal specimens. Test how much people shrink during the day. Try living through an afternoon without the use of thumbs. Build models of muscles in the arm. Test the muscle teams in the body. Examine muscle cells under a microscope.

Explore the relationships between the different body systems.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: as needed for various activities (SEE the book Blood and Guts: A Working Guide to Your Own Insides, by Linda Allison, A Brown Paper School Book published in 1976 by Little, Brown and Company, Boston, MA.)

PREPARATION REQUIRED: See Blood and Guts for detailed suggestions.

ACTIVITY #: 99 GRADES: K

TITLE: Biters and Grinders

VOCABULARY: incisors and canines (biters), bicuspids and molars (grinders)

OBJECTIVES: learn about functions of different teeth and their importance

SUBJECTS: health, dental

TIME REQUIRED: 30 minutes GRADE/GOALS:
K/5.1 (self-awareness) 3/5.6 (nutrition)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: dental health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate activities that require teeth: Making Sounds - After pairing children, have them observe each other and note what their teeth do when they make different sounds. Eating Foods - Compare a staple remover to an incisor, compare a mallet to a molar. Lead students in observing how they use their biters and grinders to eat different foods. Using skulls or models, teach students to observe and identify carnivores, herbivores and omnivores based on their teeth.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: staple remover, mallet, models of teeth and mouth, different kinds of foods

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare visit for a time appropriate for students to chew foods

ACTIVITY #: 100 GRADES: K,1,2

TITLE: Look at Your Eyes

VOCABULARY: pupil, cornea, eyelid, eyelash, iris, tear, eyebrow, retina, lense

OBJECTIVES: learn structure and function of the eye

SUBJECTS: health, growth and development

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K/5.1 (self-awareness)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers, ophthalmologist, optometrist

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate the function of the eyes. Lead students in trying to function in their classroom or around the school building for a brief time without their sight. Test vision. Find blind spot. Examine the parts of the eye using a mirror. Demonstrate the use of visual instruments (camera, telescope) and how they are similar to eyes.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: eye model, mirror, eye chart, blindfolds, vision chart

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials, prepare eye tests for classroom use, prepare blindfold exercise

ACTIVITY #: 101 GRADES: K,1,2

TITLE: No Bones About It

VOCABULARY: bones, skeleton, cast, X-ray, marrow, calcium

OBJECTIVES: identify function of skeletal system

SUBJECTS: health, growth and development

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes

GRADE/GOALS: K/5.1 (self-awareness)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: health professionals, medical researchers, orthopedic specialists, medical technicians, radiologist

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Demonstrate functions of bones. Using X-rays and models, examine the bones in the human body or animals. Learn how bones change with age, and illustrate care of broken bones. Construct models of the different kinds of joints between bones. Illustrate the instruments used to set broken bones. Dissect bones obtained from a butcher.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: bones, skeletal models, X-ray photographs (use overhead projector), dissecting instruments, casting materials

PREPARATION REQUIRED: obtain fresh or frozen bones, collect dissecting instruments safe for classroom use

ACTIVITY #: 104 GRADES: 2,3,4,5

TITLE: Useful Animals

VOCABULARY: medicine, agriculture, medical research, toxicology

OBJECTIVES: learn how animals are useful to people

SUBJECTS: life science, conservation

TIME REQUIRED: 30-45 minutes GRADE/GOALS:
3/5.1 (interdependence of plants & animals) 4/5.2 (animal behavior)

GROUP SIZE: 25

SOURCES: agricultural extension agents, medical researchers, health professionals

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES: Illustrate uses of animals with examples from medicine, cosmetics, clothing, agriculture, etc. Include materials for students to handle. Include both obvious and not obvious examples of useful animals. Mention the search for new varieties of useful animals and the developing role of biotechnology in creating new varieties. Emphasize the importance of existing biological diversity and the threat of biological extinction. Bring examples of the variety of animals raised on local farms.

EQUIPMENT/SUPPLIES: sample animal products and animals, preserved specimens

PREPARATION REQUIRED: collect materials

 

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