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Guidelines and Tips

Guidelines and Tips for Poster Presentations

Guidelines and Space Restrictions

  • You will be provided a 4ft x 4ft space of bulletin board to tack your poster presentation. Presentations may not exceed this space, as other posters will be in the space beside yours. Your poster does not have to fill the entire area.
  • Please bring your own pushpins or thumb tacks to the Conference.
  • You must display and remove your poster according to times indicated in the conference schedule.
  • Internet connections will NOT be available. If presenting with a computer, we will provide an electrical outlet, but not the computer or power strip. The poster room will not be secure so you will be responsible for keeping your computer with you at all times. Sorry, no projected presentations
  • The conference schedule will indicate judging sessions for your poster presentation. You should be available and at your poster to respond to questions during these times. Please note that judges may view your poster at times other than the designated judging sessions to review information and finalizing their scoring.
  • Your title should capture the major aim/conclusion of your research. The title may span the entire top of the 4 X 4 board, or may be positioned in the top-center.
  • Lettering for the title should be large enough to be read from several feet away. We recommend using a minimum of 70 pt. font.


  • In general, your abstract will contain one sentence from each section of your presentation. For example:
    • Introduction: Why is this research important and what question are you trying to answer?
    • Methods: How did you go about solving or making progress on this problem/topic?
    • Results: What are your findings?
    • Conclusions: What are the implications of your findings?
  • The abstract should NOT contain any references to published works or literature.
  • Avoid using abbreviations in the abstract.
  • Abstracts will be printed in the symposium directory booklet that will be handed out to the conference attendees.


  • Clearly state the problem or project and the reasons why you are studying it. This information should be contained in the first few sentences.
  • Provide concise and appropriate background discussion of the problem including the significance, scope and limits of your work. Outline what has been established by citing truly pertinent literature. Do not include an overview of marginally relevant literature.
  • State how your work differs from, or is related to previously published work.
  • How did other scientists work lead to yours?
  • Make the introduction one or two paragraphs in length.

Materials and Methods

  • Give enough detail so that others will know how you gathered the data. A list presentation of this information is appropriate for posters. Results
  • Summarize the data collected and the statistical analysis you used, as appropriate. Include only relevant data, but give enough detail to adequately justify your conclusions. Use equations, figures, and tables only where necessary. Aim for clarity and brevity.

Tables and Figures

  • Use graphs rather than tables to present numerical data. Graphs allow the reader to see trends more easily. If data must be presented in table form, KEEP IT SIMPLE.
  • Leave out any unnecessary details. Studies show that you have only 11 seconds to grab and retain your audience's attention. Display your important points and make them brief.
  • Number tables and figures according to the order in which they appear in the text. Give each table a title.(For example: Figure 1. Species composition).


  • The purpose of this section is to relate your results back to the original problem you have tested. You should also explain the significance of your research findings in relation to the other research in this area. Base your conclusions on evidence presented in the results section. Literature Cited
  • You may choose to provide a listed of references cited in the text of the poster. An example is provided below. For more complicated citation formats, use the reference section of any of your primary journal sources. Notice the format that the journal employs and use that method.

    Journal article: Author(s). Publication year. Article title. Journal title volume: pages.

    Smith, D.C. and J. Van Buskirk. 1995. Phenotypic design, plasticity and ecological performance in two tadpole species. American Naturalist 145:211-233.

Acknowledgements (optional)
In this section, you acknowledge and thank the individuals, departments, programs, and funding resources, which contributed to the research.

General Advice

  • KEEP THE TEXT BRIEF. Blocks of text should not exceed 3 paragraphs.(Most viewers will not read more than that). Present only enough data to support your conclusions, but make sure that there is sufficient information to explain the process.
  • Use a word-processor for all text, including captions. Print on plain white paper.
  • We suggest that all presentation text be 18 pt. font OR larger. The title should be at least 70 pt. font.
  • The poster generally should read from left to right, and top to bottom. Numbering the individual panels, or connecting them with arrows is a standard guidance system.
  • Leave some open space in the design. Your audience will appreciate this as it will make your presentation easier to read and understand.
  • Before the poster session, rehearse a brief summary of your project. Conference attendees and judges will want to hear you describe your research and poster. Don't be afraid to point out uncertainties in your work, you may be able to receive valuable feedback and helpful insight from others.
  • It takes time to make a great poster. Allow 2 to 3 days to assemble the pieces, such as photos, graphs and figures, and then allow 2 days to cut all of the boards and physically assemble the poster. TALK WITH YOUR ADVISOR as you go through this process. Make sure he/she approves of your layout and agrees that you have presented all of the important information in the best possible way.
  • You may choose to display your poster on several different sections of colored poster board. To do this, cut the poster board into pieces that fit the size of your text sections. You may choose to use adhesive spray glue or double-sided tape to attach your paper to the backing. Some students prefer one of these methods to using standard white glue, as it reduces wrinkling and bubbling of the paper.


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