Sigma Xi Distinguished Lecturers, 2005-2006
Each lecturer has designated his or her topic(s) for three different types of audiences. Where more than one level is shown, the lecture can be adjusted to the needs of the audience:
- P (Public)
Aimed at presenting scientific issues of general concern to a public audience.
- G (General)
Intended for a normal Sigma Xi audience of both scientists and other scholars representing a broad range of disciplines.
- S (Specialized)
Aimed at scientists and students in fields that are closely related to that of the lecturer.
Security Manager, Government Engagements
One Microsoft Way
Redmond, WA 98052
Security vs Privacy (P)
New Threats for Security in Large Scale Systems (G)
Access Authentication Technologies—Technology Issues and Concerns (S)
Michael Angelo has almost thirty years in the computer industry with over twenty years experience in designing, implementing, managing, and supporting secure intra/inter-nets. He is currently responsible for government computer security resolution at Microsoft. Included in his responsibilities are cross co-ordination of security certifications, evolution of crypto-agnostic methods, and secure messaging. Mr. Angelo has previously held the title of Staff Fellow at both Hewlett Packard and Compaq, where he was a subject matter expert (SME) for security and its associated technologies. His previous responsibilities include providing technical guidance in the development of industry standard secure solutions and technical assistance to the corporate IS and Legal security teams. This work included specification of, and enhancements to, access authentication technology (tokens, smart cards, and numerous biometric devices), high performance encryption, i*net, and numerous other areas of security. Mr. Angelo is very active in the security community with participation in numerous international and national advisory councils. He was the chair of the NIST CIS division review team for three years, a technology contributor to the US BIS ISTAC, and a participant in the National Research Council's committee on Privacy and Authentication. Mr. Angelo has also presented at numerous International and National Security Industry forums on Biometrics and Authentication. Mr. Angelo currently holds 39 patents, most in the area of security and authentication, and was also the 2003 Inventor of the Year for the City of Houston.
Virginia L. Butler
Department of Anthropology
Portland State University
Portland, OR 97207
Associate Professor, Portland State University
Contribution of Archaeology to Conservation Biology: Case Studies from the American West (P,G)
The 13,000 Year History of Columbia River Salmon (G,S)
The Archaeological Record of Human Impacts to Ancient Animal Populations (G,S)
Where Have all the Native Fish Gone? The Fate of Lewis and Clark's Fishes of the Lower Columbia River (P,G)
An associate professor in the Anthropology Department at Portland State University, Virginia Butler's primary interest is zooarchaeology, the study of animal remains from archaeological sites. She draws on evolutionary ecology to study predator-prey interactions, and considers human demography, technological change and independent changes in paleoenvironments that affect prey abundance. Most recently, she has compiled ~10,000 yr long fish records in the Columbia River system and Owens Valley, California. Species abundance fluctuates greatly, probably due to both climatic and human factors. Her work shows ways ancient animal records contribute to conservation biology, which often operates with limited knowledge of long-term biotic history. Her geographic focus is western North America and Oceania and she has published papers in American Antiquity, Antiquity, Journal of Archaeological Science, Ancient Biomolecules, and Quaternary Research.
National Institute of Standards and Technology
100 Bureau Drive
Mail Stop 8930
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
Information Security and the Small Business Owner (P)
International Standards on Information Security Management (G)
NIST Guidelines on Information Security Management (G)
Alicia Clay, Ph.D. is deputy division chief for the Computer Security Division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). She supports division outreach, various aspects of division management, and the assessment of the effectiveness of the division’s research and technical programs. Alicia is also on the U.S. delegation to the ISO/IEC subcommittees responsible for developing international standards on information security. As the NIST representative, she works to align standards with NIST guidelines and to coordinate NIST contributions where appropriate. Prior to joining NIST, Alicia worked at DuPont for six years. She joined DuPont as a physicist in 1995. Subsequently, she became Lab Supervisor at DuPont’s Pontchartrain Plant in southern Louisiana, responsible for a crew of 25 and an ISO 9000 certified quality control laboratory. In her last assignment at DuPont, she became a certified Six Sigma Black Belt by improving research productivity in Central Research and Development.
Nicholas K. Coch
Queens College—City University of New York
School of Earth and Environmental Science
Flushing, NY 11367
Are America’s Beaches All Washed Up? (P)
Hurricane Hazards in the U.S. (P)
Hurricane Damage along the (New England, Mid-Atlantic, South Atlantic, Gulf) Coast (G)
Unique Vulnerability of New york City to Hurricane Destruction (G)
Forensic Hurricanology and the Reconstruction of Historic Hurricanes (S)
Dynamics of Hurricane Destruction by Wind, Waves, Surge and Inland Flooding - Facts and Fallacies (S)
Nick Coch received his Ph.D. from Yale University in 1965 and is a professor of geology at Queens College, CUNY. He has published studies in coastal and estuarine geology, and in lunar sedimentation, as a principal investigator in the NASA Lunar Program. He is especially interested in the causes of hurricane destruction and in damage mitigation, and has conducted ground and aerial studies of a number of major recent hurricanes. He is an expert on northern hurricanes and is a consultant to the New York City and State Emergency Management organizations as well as the insurance and risk management industry. His “Forensic Hurricanology” studies utilize present research, as well as historical records, to reconstruct the wind fields of the 17th–19th century hurricanes. His last study produced a dynamic computer model of the great 1635 "colonial" hurricane, that nearly wiped out early English settlements in New England.
University of Tennessee
Office Of Research
404 Andy Holt Tower
Knoxville, TN 37996
Lyocell—The New "Green" Fiber (P)
Green Processing of Cellulose to Value-Added Products (G)
Rheology of Lyocell Solutions Lyocell Solutions from Alternative Cellulose Sources (S)
Making Scotch: Engineering, Chemistry, and Education (P),(G)
Billie Collier is a professor of textiles in materials science and engineering, interim associate vice president for research, and director of the Textiles and Nonwovens Development Center (TANDEC) at the University of Tennessee. She has Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in textiles from the University of Tennessee and a B.A. in music from Tulane. She has also taught at LSU, Ohio University, and the University of Georgia, and has published two textbooks, Understanding Textiles and Textile Testing and Analysis, and over 50 articles. In recognition of her research in textile science, she was named a distinguished lecturer by the Fiber Society in 1995 and is the consumer advisor on the Cotton Board. John and Billie Collier are available for joint lectures.
University of Tennessee
Department of Chemical Engineering
University of Tennessee
419 Dougherty Hall
Knoxville, TN 37996-2200
Lyocell—The New "Green" Fiber (P)
Green Processing of Cellulose to Value-Added Products (G)
Rheology of Lyocell Solutions Lyocell Solutions from Alternative Cellulose Sources (S)
Making Scotch: Engineering, Chemistry, and Education (P),(G)
John Collier is a professor and head of chemical engineering and an adjunct professor in materials science and engineering at the University of Tennessee. His B.S. and M.S. in chemical engineering are from South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and the University of Illinois, and his Ph.D. in polymer engineering and science from Case Western University. He taught at Ohio University for 22 years and also served as associate dean of the graduate college there. He also taught at LSU for 11 years and was chair of chemical engineering. He has published over 100 articles, holds 13 patents (eight jointly with his wife), and is a registered professional engineer and a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. John and Billie Collier are available for joint lectures.
Richard J. Davidson
University of Wisconsin Madison
Department of Psychology
1202 W Johnson St.
Madison, WI 53706
William James and Vilas Research Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry; Director of the W.M. Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin Madison
The Emotional Brain (P,G,S)
The Autistic Brain (P,G,S)
Transforming the Mind: Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience (P,G,S)
Affective Style: Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience (P,G,S)
Richard J. Davidson is the William James and Vilas Research Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry and Director of the W.M. Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in Psychology and has been at Wisconsin since 1984. He has published more than 150 articles, many chapters and reviews and edited 12 books. He is the recipient of numerous awards for his research including a National Institute of Mental Health Research Scientist Award, a MERIT Award from NIMH, an Established Investigator Award from the National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders (NARSAD), a Distinguished Investigator Award from NARSAD, the William James Fellow Award from the American Psychological Society, and the Hilldale Award from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He directs the NIMH-funded Wisconsin Center for Affective Science, the Center for Mind-Body Interaction and the NIMH Training program in Emotion Research. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. He is currently the Founding Co-Editor of the new American Psychological Association journal EMOTION. Dr. Davidson is Past-President of the Society for Research in Psychopathology and of the Society for Psychophysiological Research. He was the 1997 Distinguished Scientific Lecturer for the American Psychological Association. He served as a Core Member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network in Mind-Body Interaction, is currently a Core Member of the MacArthur Foundation Mind-Brain-Body and Health Initiative and a member of the Board of Scientific Counselors, NIMH. In 2001-02 he served on the National Academy of Science Panel to evaluate the validity of the polygraph. He was the year 2000 recipient of the most prestigious award given by the American Psychological Association for lifetime achievementùthe Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award and in 2003 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
National Institute of Standards and Technology
16317 S Westland Drive
Gaithersburg, MD 20877-1511
Picture Perfect: Motion Imaging and Human Vision in the Age of Electronics (P, G)
Measuring Picture Quality in High Resolution, High Dynamic Range Imagery (S)
Charles Fenimore leads the Motion Imagery Quality Metrology Project at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. His early work focused on computational fluid mechanics. More recently, he has investigated the quality of motion imagery, work that both derives from and supports the development of new image processing and presentation technology. Fenimore’s work on the measurement of electronic digital imagery has included the development and evaluation of computed quality measures, test methods for subjective evaluation, and the collection of test imagery needed for compression and quality assessment. This work has contributed to the development of measurements and the evaluation of new methods of image compression.
Carnegie Mellon University
Department of Statistics
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
In Search of the Magic Lasso: The Truth About the Polygraph (P and G)
Can We Really Measure Discrimination? (G,S)
Who Counts? The Science and the Practise of Censustaking in America (P,G)
Making Statistics Count for Public Policy (G,S)
Stephen E. Fienberg is Maurice Falk University Professor of Statistics and Social Science in the Department of Statistics, the Center for Automated Learning and Discovery, and the Center for Computer and Communications Security, all at Carnegie Mellon University. He has also taught at the University of Chicago, the University of Minnesota and York University. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Statistical Association, and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is well known for his work on the analysis of categorical data, confidentiality and data disclosure, and the application of statistical methodology in a broad spectrum of the sciences.
James D. Franson
Johns Hopkins University
Applied Physics Lab
11100 Johns Hopkins Road
Laurel, MD 20723
Professor, Johns Hopkins University
Quantum Computing Using Single Photons (G)
Quantum Computing and Cryptography (P)
James Franson received a bachelors degree from Purdue University and a Ph.D in physics from Caltech. He is a member of the Principal Staff at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory and Research Professor in the Johns Hopkins ECE department. His research activities include quantum optics, quantum cryptography, and quantum information processing. He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America.
University of Wisconsin
Department of Horticulture
University of Wisconsin-Madison
1575 Linden Drive
Madison, WI 53076
Why Medicine Needs Agriculture (P)
Take Two Onions and Call Me in the Morning: The Human Health Potential of Vegetables (G)
Blood, Sweat, and Tears: Fact and Future of Onion as Human Medicine (S)
Goldman is associate professor of horticulture and chair of the Plant Breeding and Plant Genetics Program at the University of Wisconsin. His research interests include vegetable breeding and genetics, the human health attributes of vegetable crops and the history of plant breeding and genetics. He is associate editor of the Journal of Heredity and on the editorial board of Plant Breeding Reviews. His many honors include the B.Y. Morrison Medal from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Jung Teaching Award from the UW College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and a "Best Paper" award in the education category from the American Society for Horticultural Science. Goldman chairs the USDA Root and Bulb Crop Germplasm Committee and the Vegetable Breeding Working Group of the American Society for Horticultural Science.
Michael E. Gorman
University of Virginia
Division of Technology, Culture, and Communication
Thornton Hall, SEAS
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Technology for a Better Tomorrow (P)
Invention, Discovery and Moral Imagination (G)
Types of Knowledge and Their Roles in Education and Intellectual Property (S)
Gorman is professor and chair of the Division of Technology, Culture, and Communication at the University of Virginia. His books include Transforming Nature: Ethics, Invention and Design and Simulating Science: Heuristics and Mental Models in Technoscientific Thinking. He is a former Governing Council member of the Society for the Social Studies of Science and is active in a number of professional organizations, including the American Society for Engineering Education, the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics and the Behavioral and Brain Sciences Association. Gorman serves as a referee for the journals Thinking and Reasoning, Social Studies of Science and the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition. He has also served on numerous National Science Foundation grant panels.
University of Massachussetts–Amherst
Department of Polymer Science and Engineering
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003
Brown Motion: the Dance of Molecules (P,G)
Polyelectrolytes: Macromolecules with a Charge (G,S)
Visualizing Macromolecular Motion in Patterned Arrays (S)
David Hoagland is professor of polymer science and engineering at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His research centers on structure and dynamics in polymer solutions and gels, a field in which he conducts experiments variously probing the behavior of small solutes (ions, drugs, etc.), polymeric solutes (synthetic polymers, DNA, etc.), and molecules of the medium (solvent, network chains, etc.). In recent projects, Hoagland developed an on-line sensor for harmful ions in water, monitored how aging affects the release of drugs from hydrogels, watched the complex diffusion of flexible DNA molecules in patterned microstructures, and measured how counterions condense onto the backbone of strongly charged polymers.
9004 Devilbiss Bridge Rd
Laurel, MD 21793
Senior Scientist, The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
Breath as a Diagnostic (P,G)
History of Bioterrorism (P)
Using Biology Against Bioterrorism (G)
In 1980, Dr. Jackman received a B.A. in American Studies, Brandeis University; B.S. in Biological Sciences, University of Connecticut in 1981; and a Ph.D., Program in Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Vermont in 1990. In 2000, she joined the staff at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Dr. Jackman held a Cell Biology Research Fellowship at the University of Vermont in 1986, and a National Institute for Environmental Health Science Graduate Fellowship from 1987-1990. She was a post doctoral fellow at the National Institutes of Health before becoming an assistant professor at Georgetown University School of Medicine where she investigated the role of cell cycle control and apoptosis in cancer progression. Dr. Jackman began working in the area of infectious disease at US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Disease in 1997. The focus of this work was to develop novel methods of rapid pathogen identification and diagnosis of infection using mass spectrometry and microarray methodologies. Dr. Jackman joined the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in 2000 where she has continued her work in rapid pathogen identification and advises in biocontainment facility design and operations. In 2003 she received the Christopher Columbus Homeland Security Award in the area of Emergency Response. Dr. Jackman is developing methods to analyze breath for novel markers of infection. This technology uses proteins and lipids secreted by the host in response to pathogens in the lungs to detect signs of infection prior to the appearance of symptoms. The technique is non-invasive and rapid. Analysis is carried out using mass spectrometry of exhaled breath. Both the pattern of secreted proteins and the chronology of their production are used to identify infected individuals prior to the appearance of signs and symptoms.
Director of Intl. Strategy Development
Univ. of Cal. Office of the President
1111 Franklin St. #11118
Oakland, CA 94607
Multinational Project-Based Approaches to Internationalizing Education and Research (P,G)
US-China: Collaborations on Reform of Science and Engineering Education (P,G)
Engineering Education Reform: Transformation through Internationalization (G,S)
Gretchen Kalonji joined the University of Washington in 1990, where she holds the Kyocera Chair in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and is an active member of the African Studies faculty. Before moving to Seattle, Kalonji served as Assistant and Associate Professor at MIT, from 1982-1990. Her areas of materials research include the theory of defects in crystalline solids, atomistic computer simulation techniques, and phase transitions and microstructural evolution. Kalonji has a long-term commitment to innovations in international science and engineering, as well as to equity and access in higher education. While at MIT, she served as the Co-Director for the Computer Science and Electronics Program at the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College, a school in Tanzania run by the African National Congress to serve the needs of the South African exile community. Between 1991 and 1997, she held various leadership roles in ECSEL, the NSF-sponsored Engineering Coalition of Schools for Excellence in Education and Leadership. Since 1997, Kalonji's attention has focused on developing new, project-based approaches to integrating international education and research. Kalonji currently directs an initiative called UW Worldwide, which brings teams of faculty and students together across national boundaries to work collaboratively on common pressing practical challenges, such as environmental issues, public health, and the quality of education itself. UW Worldwide's flagship project is a joint research-based undergraduate curriculum with Sichuan University on challenges to the environment in the US Pacific Northwest and Southwest China. Kalonji also leads a new collaborative doctoral program involving institutions in China, Japan, New Zealand, Vietnam, South Africa, Namibia and Mozambique, and funded through the NSF's IGERT program. Kalonji received a Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1984, the George Westinghouse Award from the ASEE in 1994, and the NSF Directors Award for Distinguished Teaching Scholar in 2001. She holds distinguished visiting faculty positions at Tsinghua University, in Beijing, and Sichuan University, in Chengdu.
University of Minnesota
Department of Food Science and Nutrition
1354 Eckles Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
Bioterrorism and the Food Chain: What Should We Be Doing (P)
The History of Military Feeding (P)
Before Equilibria Diagrams: Application of Glass Transition (DSC) and Xray Diffraction to Evaluate Structural Changes of Food Systems in Storage (Cotton Candy, Soft Cookies and Sugar Snap Cookies) (G)
The Crystallization of Sugars in Foods, Drugs and Biologics. (S)
The Physics and Chemistry of Water in Foods (G)
Ted Labuza is professor of food science and engineering and a Morse Alumni Distinguished Teaching Faculty member at the University of Minnesota. Labuza taught at MIT before coming to the University of Minnesota. He is an author of over 231 research articles, 16 textbooks including a new one on functional foods, 67 book chapters, seven patents and almost 100 other technical/popular articles concerning food processing food safety, food law and nutrition/functional foods.
Clark Spencer Larsen
Department of Anthropology
244 Lord Hall; 124 West 17th Avenue
The Ohio State University
Columbus, OH 43210-1364
Distguished Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Chair, The Ohio State University
Behavioral Reconstruction from Human Skeletal Morphology: The Last 10,000 Years (S)
In the Wake of Columbus: The Biological Consequences of Contact and Colonialism in the Americas (G)
Skeletons in Our Closet: Revealing Our Past through Bioarchaeology (P)
Clark Spencer Larsen is the Distinguished Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Chair of the Department of Anthropology at The Ohio State University. He received his B.A. in anthropology from Kansas State University (1974), and holds an M.A. (1975) and Ph.D. (1980) in physical anthropology from the University of Michigan. Larsen taught previously at the University of Massachusetts, Northern Illinois University, Purdue University, and the University of North Carolina, where he was the Amos Hawley Distinguished Professor of Anthropology. He has an appointment as Research Associate at the American Museum of Natural History. He is the former president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. He has served on various editorial boards, and is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, the leading research journal in physical anthropology.
Larsen is an internationally known authority on bioarchaeology, the study of human remains from archaeological settings. His research is primarily focussed on biocultural adaptation in the last 10,000 years of human evolution, with particular emphasis on the history of health, well-being, and lifestyle in native and non-native populations in the Western Hemisphere. With Richard Steckel, Paul Sciulli, and Phillip Walker, Larsen is the co-director of the Global History of Health Project, an international collaboration involved in the study of ancient skeletons from all continents in order to track health changes since the late Paleolithic. He is the author of numerous scientific articles and has authored or edited 25 books and monographs, including Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Human Skeleton (Cambridge University Press), Skeletons in Our Closet: Revealing Our Past through Bioarchaeology (Princeton University Press), and Bioarchaeology of Spanish Florida: The Impact of Colonialism (University Press of Florida).
National Academy of Sciences—Sigma Xi Distinguished Lecturer in Sustainable Economic Development
University of Virginia
The Darden Graduate School of Business Administration
100 Darden Boulevard
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Schumpeterian Innovation, Entrepreneurship and the Emergence of Sustainable Business (P,G)
The Changing Face of Environmental Issues and the Sustainability Challenge to Business (P,G)
How Should We Think About Environmental Issues and the Role of Business in the 21st Century? (P,G)
Andrea Larson teaches at the University of Virginia in the MBA program and in executive education in the areas of entrepreneurship, strategy, innovation and sustainable business. Sustainable business initiatives integrate economic, social and environmental concerns into a firm’s operations and strategy. This approach is also called “triple bottom line.” Building upon earlier research on entrepreneurship, alliances and network organizations, her current research, teaching and curriculum development focuses on sustainable innovation as a strategic and competitive advantage.
John H. McMasters
23924 115th Ave. SW
Vashon, WA 98070
Technical Fellow, The Beoing Company
Perspectives on Airplane Design - Past, Present and Future (G,S)
Reflections of a Paleoaerodynamicist (P,G,S)
The (Airplane) Design Professor as Sheepherder (P,G,S)
A twenty-eight year veteran of The Boeing Company, Dr. McMasters is currently a program manager for the Ed Wells Initiative, a joint program between Boeing and the Society of Professional Engineering Employees in Aerospace charged with enhancing the technical excellence of the SPEEA represented Boeing technical workforce. He also has served since 1990 as an Affiliate Professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the University of Washington in Seattle.
His professional and avocational interests run together over a broad range of topics including: low-speed/high lift aerodynamics, airplane design, the biomechanics of flight, paleontology, and engineering education. He has authored over 100 publications and technical papers, and has lectured to a broad range of university, government and professional society audiences, in all these topic areas. He holds a configuration patent for an airplane designed under a NASA contract circa 1993-5, and was awarded the Air Force Commendation Medal in 1965 for work on an air-to-air guided missile he conceived and helped develop through initial flight testing while on active duty in the USAF. An Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, he served as an AIAA Distinguished Lecturer for two years (1992-94) and again in 2002-05.
Prior to joining Boeing in 1976, Dr. McMasters held faculty positions at Arizona State University and Purdue. His strong interest in engineering education has continued and in addition to teaching airplane design courses at Boeing and the University of Washington, he has been a member since 1994 of what has become the Boeing Company Offices level University Relations Process Council. In this connection he has been instrumental in establishing and conducting the Boeing-Welliver Faculty Summer Fellowship, Boeing Fellow on Campus, and Boeing Outstanding Educator Programs. He was also one of the original architects of the Boeing initiated Industry-University-Government Roundtable for Enhancing Engineering Education (IUGREEE). In addition, he served for five years on the Vashon Island, Washington School Board and is a member of the External Advisory Board of the Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences at the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Dr. McMasters hold B.S. (1961) and M.S. (1962) degrees from the University of Colorado at Boulder and a Ph.D. (1975) from Purdue University, all in Aeronautical Engineering.
Department of Mathematics
Easton, PA 18042
Professor of Mathematics, Lafayette College
Reverse Engineering Symmetry (G)
What's at the End of an Infinite Group? (S)
John Meier earned his PhD from Cornell University and immediately took up a position at Lafayette College where he is a
Professor of Mathematics. He has also held visiting positions at Columbia, Cornell, Ohio State and the University of
California-Santa Barbara. His research interests are in the liminal area between algebra, topology and geometry. More specifically he studies how geometric conditions influence cohomological properties of infinite groups. His research
publications and various grants (including a Centennial Fellowship from the American Mathematical Society) are nicely complemented by teaching awards and publications relating to pedagogy. He is also actively involved in Lafayette's Research Experiences for Undergraduates program in mathematics, funded by the NSF, and has held various positions in the Mathematics Association of America.
University of Washington
Department of Zoology
Seattle, WA 98195
Industrial Development and Alaska’s North Slope Environment (P)
Environmental Esthetics; Is Beauty Only In the Mind of the Beholder? (G)
Bird Brains: Decision-Making by Blackbirds (S)
As a professor of zoology at the University of Washington, Gordon Orians has focused his work primarily on problems of habitat selection, mate selection and mating systems, selection of prey and foraging patches (foraging theory) and the relationships between ecology and social organization. Primary subjects of study have been blackbirds of the Family Icteridae, a group of birds noted for the diversity of their social systems. Orians is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His honors include the Eminent Ecologists Award from the Ecological Society of America and the Distinguished Service Award from the American Institute of Biological Sciences.
Kansas State University
Department of Physics
325 Cardwell Hall
Kansas State University
Manhattan, KS 66506
Promises of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: Fact or Fiction? (P)
Should We Tell our Daughters to Become Scientists? (P)
When Gold is No Longer Gold: On Tailoring Properties of Materials. (G)
On Poisons and Promoters: Controlling Catalytic Activity Through Nanostructuring (S)
Steps, Kinks and Other Defects Making the Difference at the Nanoscale (G)
Shapes, Sizes and Dynamics of Things as They Grow: Multiscale Studies of Thin Film Growth
Talat Shahnaz Rahman is a University Distinguished Professor of Physics at Kansas State University. She is a recipient of a number of awards, including the Alexander von Humboldt Forschungspreis from Germany and the Olin Petefish Award from the University of Kansas. She is also a fellow of the American Physical Society. She continues to serve as a coordinator of the International Nathiagali Summer College held annually in Pakistan. Rahman’s research is in understanding the physical and chemical properties of metal surfaces and nanostructures. She and her group use a combination of theoretical and computational techniques to understand processes like thin film growth, chemisorption, nano-structuring of materials, atomic manipulation and nanotribology, and structural transitions at surfaces.
National Academy of Engineering - Sigma Xi Lecturer
Michael P. Ramage
Retired Executive Vice President, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
746 Mill Street
Moorestown, NJ 08057
The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs (P,G,S)
- Based on the 2004 National Research Council's H2 Economy Study.
Michael Ramage is retired Executive Vice President, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number of positions at Mobil including Research Associate, Manager of Process Research and Development, General Manager of Exploration and Producing Research, Vice President of Engineering, and President of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. He serves on a number of university visiting committees and is a member of the Government University Industrial Research Roundtable. He is a Director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and a member of several other professional organizations. Dr. Ramage is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and serves on the NAE Council. He has a B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Purdue University.
Social Science Research Council
810 7th Avenue, 31st Floor
New York, NY 10019
Phone: 212-377-2700 ext. 605
Program Director, Knowledge Institutions and Innovations
A Multi-Method Analysis of the Conditions for Interdisciplinary Research and Collaboration (G,S)
From Analyzing to Assessing Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (G,S)
Research Methods for Knowledge Production and Innovation (G,S)
Diana Rhoten is Director of the Knowledge Institutions and Innovation Program at the Social Science Research Council. Using quantitative and qualitative techniques of social network and fieldwork analysis, Dr. Rhoten's research focuses on the social and technical conditions of interdisciplinary research and the practices and processes of integrative graduate education and training. In addition to publishing in this area, Dr. Rhoten works with various organizations on the design and development of new modes and methods of knowledge production and innovation. She is particularly interested in how the emergence of collaborative research strategies, the growing significance of virtual communities, and the shifting influence of non-academic versus academic opportunities are changing institutions of education, training, and research. Prior to coming to the Social Science Research Council, Dr. Rhoten served as an assistant professor at the Stanford University School of Education and as the Research Director of the Hybrid Vigor Institute (2001-2003).
Department of Mathematics
Hanover, NH 03755
Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science, Dartmouth College
Stalking the Riemann Hypothesis (P,G)
Artful Mathematics (P,G,S)
Living Math (P,G,S)
The FFT - An Algorithm the Whole Family Can Use (P,G,S)
Safety In Numbers (P,G,S)
Dan Rockmore is a Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science at Dartmouth College, where he has taught since 1991. He received his A.B. in Mathematics from Princeton University in 1984 and his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1989. In 1995 he was one of only 15 scientists to receive a five-year Presidential Faculty Fellowship from the White House for excellence in education and research. He has held visiting positions at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, the Santa Fe Institute (where he is also a member of the external faculty) and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He has served as a member of the IDA/Darpa Defense Sciences Study Group and remains a consultant to IDA. He is a member of the scientific advisory boards of Poindexter Systems and InSiteOne. He has authored and co-authored numerous scientific articles and three technical books mainly around the topic of the theory and application of efficient algorithms for data analysis. He has applied his work in to climate modeling, image and signal processing and the design of robust communications schemes. He is a co-founder of the (NSF/Keck-funded) fMRI Data Center, a publicly accessible database of neuorimaging data. His research is supported by the NIH, NSF, and the Keck Foundation. Rockmore has also become a nationally recognized expositor of mathematics. His writings have appeared in newspapers and magazines and some of his mathematically inspired essays can be heard on Vermont Public Radio, His popular book "Stalking the Riemann Hypothesis" (Random House) is scheduled to appear in the spring of 2005. He is also a co-producer of the NSF-funded documentary, "The Math Life", distributed by Films for the Humanities and Sciences, and his film on the new math of the life sciences, "Living Math", is slated for completion in the fall of 2005.
Daniel H. Sandweiss
Dean and Associate Provost for Graduate Studies
Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary & Climate Studies
120 Alumni Hall
University of Maine
Orono, ME 04469
Associate Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary and Climate Studies, and Associate Director of the Climate Change Institute, University of Maine
The Archaeology of El Niño in Ancient Peru (P,G,S)
Ancient Fishermen: 13,000 Years of South American Maritime Adaptations (G,S)
Explorations with Thor Heyerdahl: Peruvian Pyramids and a Cuban Connection (P,G)
Dan Sandweiss is an archaeologist interested in climate change and maritime adaptations in Latin America. Most of Sandweiss's research has been carried out on the desert coast of Peru, but he has also worked in Central America and Cuba. He has excavated the earliest known fishing site in the New World as well as fishing sites of other epochs including the Inca Empire. He directed excavations for three years at Túcume, Peru's largest pyramid center as part of a project coordinated by Norwegian explorer and scientist Thor Heyerdahl. Sandweiss also has a particular interest in the prehistory of El Niño, a global climatic perturbation first recognized in Peru and now known to affect weather throughout the world, and he has developed a variety of techniques for identifying ancient El Niño activity. Sandweiss was President of the Scientific Committee for FERCO (Foundation for Research and Exploration on Cultural Origins), a Canary Island foundation, from 1998-2002; he is the founder and editor of Andean Past (Cornell University Latin American Studies Program); and he is Chair-Designate of the Society for American Archaeology's Committee on the Americas. Sandweiss has published frequently in Science as well as in other journals, and he is the author and editor of several books and monographs. Sandweiss received a B.A. in Archaeology from Yale University in 1979 and a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Cornell University in 1989.
Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc.
1522 K Street NW, Suite 210
Washington, DC 20005
In Search of the Influential Scientist (P,G)
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs): Myths and Misunderstandings (P,G)
Robert L. Shepard is founding executive director of the Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc. (SEA), a consortium of historically black colleges and universities that collectively work to create opportunities for greater access to the federal research and development enterprise. A chemist, he has held research and management positions at Celanese, the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
W307 Mudd Hall
42 Sparrow Crest
Ithaca, NY 14850
Darwinian Medicine: A New Approach to Health and Disease (P)
Why We Use Spices (G)
Protecting Ourselves from Food (S)
Paul W. Sherman is a professor of biology at Cornell, where he has been since 1981. He earned his B.A. at Stanford, his Ph.D. at Michigan, and was a Miller Postdoctoral Fellow at Berkeley, a Guggenheim Fellow at Michigan and an Astor Lecturer at Oxford. Sherman studies the social and reproductive behavior of vertebrates, particularly mammals. He has authored 170 publications on such topics as nepotism, kin recognition, eusociality, parasitism, mate choice, demography, conservation biology and evolutionary medicine. At Cornell, Sherman teaches animal behavior, behavioral ecology and Darwinian medicine. He has sponsored seven postdoctoral fellows, 25 graduate students and 26 undergraduate honors students. He has lectured at more than 150 symposia and academic institutions worldwide.
National Cancer Institute
Nutritional Epidemiology Branch
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics
6120 Executive Blvd
EPS 7000, Room 3046
Bethesda, MD 20892-7273
Phone: 301-496 6426
Meat, Meat-Cooking Carcinogen and Cancer (G)
Diet and Cancer (P)
Diet and Chronic Disease Studies in Developing Countries (G)
Rashmi Sinha is an investigator in the Nutrition Epidemiology Branch, Division of Caner Epidemiology and Genetics, at the National Cancer Institute. Research interests include the role of meat, heterocyclic aromatic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in cancer etiology as well as the interaction of genetic susceptibility and nutrition in cancer. Other interests include vitamins A, C and E and cancer, DDT and breast cancer and development of biomarkers of diet. Sinha’s honors include the National Institute of Health Award of Merit and the Technology Transfer Award. Sinha is associate editor of the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, a reviewer for numerous journals and has served on a variety of professional committees and boards.
University of Pennsylvania
Chair, Department of Biostatics and Epidemiology
824 Blokley Hall
423 Guardian Drive
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6021
Implementation of Smallpox Vaccination Plan (P)
Improving Patient Safety by Reducing Medication Error (G)
What are Our Drugs Truly Doing to Our Patients? Lessons from Pharmacoepidemology (G)
Brian Strom is George S. Pepper Professor of Public Health and Medicine, chair and professor of biostatistics & epidemiology, professor of medicine and pharmacology and director of the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (which he created), all at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. His major research interest is in the field of pharmaoepidemilogy, i.e., the application of epidemiologic methods to the study of drug use and effects. Author and editor of the field’s major text, Strom is a past-president of the International Society of Pharmacoepidemiology. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and chairs its Committee on Smallpox Vaccine Program Implementation. Strom is one of a handful of clinical epidemiologists ever elected to the American Society of Clinical Investigation and the American Association of Physicians.
Kimberly M. Thompson
Society for Risk Analysis/Sigma Xi Distinguished Lecturer
Harvard School of Public Health and Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School
677 Huntington Ave., 3rd Floor
Boston, MA 02115
Life in the Age of Risk Management (P or G)
Risk Management and Communication Meet Uncertainty and Variability (S or G)
Managing Children's Risks: It Takes a Commitment (G)
Dr. Kimberly Thompson is Associate Professor of Risk Analysis and Decision Science at the Harvard School of Public Health, where she created and directs the Kids Risk Project. Professor Thompson is a nationally and internationally known as an expert on children's risks and on risk analysis and decision science. Her research interests and teaching focus on the issues related to developing and applying quantitative methods for risk assessment and risk management, and consideration of the public policy
implications and communication challenges associated with including uncertainty and variability in risk characterization. Drawing on a diverse background, she seeks to effectively integrate technological, social, political, legal, and economic issues into risk analyses that inform public policy and improve decision making in what she calls the Age of Risk Management (www.aorm.com). A popular and engaging speaker, Professor Thompson talks about the serious topic of "Life in the Age of Risk Management" using humor and real life examples that are relevant to broad audiences. She demonstrates the hazards of failing to consider the real differences between individuals that matter when making public policy decisions, and she talks about how to become empowered by uncertainty, instead of paralyzed by it. As director of the Kids Risk Project (www.kidsrisk.com), Dr. Thompson is a leading authority on the risks to children and the need for better information to improve decisions made by kids, parents, policy makers, and others. Professor Thompson co-founded the Center for Media and Child Health at the Children's Hospital in Boston, and she performs active research on the messages in popular media (e.g., motion pictures and video games). Dr. Thompson earned her Doctor of Science Degree from Harvard School of Public Health and her Bachelor and Master of Science Degrees in Chemical Engineering from M.I.T. She is author of Risk in Perspective: Insight and Humor in the Age of Risk Management (AORM, 2004) and Overkill: How Our Nation's Abuse of Antibiotics and Other Germ Killers Is Hurting Your Health and What You Can Do About It (with Debra Bruce, Rodale, 2002), and her work has been widely covered in popular media.
University of California–Berkeley
Professor, Departments of Civil & Environmental Engineering and City & Regional Planning
114 McLaughlin Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720-1720
Twelve Reasons to Raise the Gas Tax (P)
Learning to Understand Traffic Congestion and How to Reduce It (G)
Ethical Dilemmas in Forecasting for Public Policy (P,G,S)
Martin Wachs is director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Berkeley, where he is the Roy W. Carlson Distinguished Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering and professor of city and regional planning. He earlier spent 25 years at UCLA, where he served three terms as chairman of the department of Urban Planning. Wachs is the author of 150 articles and four books on subjects related to relationships between transportation, land use, and air quality, transportation needs of the elderly, techniques for the evaluation of transportation systems and the use of performance measurement in transportation planning. His research also addresses issues of equity in transportation policy, problems of crime in public transit systems, and the response of transportation systems to natural disasters including earthquakes. His most recent work focuses on transportation finance in relation to planning and policy. Wachs has served on the Executive Committee of the Transportation Research Board for nine years and was the TRB chairman during the year 2000.
University of California–Santa Cruz
Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology
221 Sinsheimer Labs
Santa Cruz, CA 95064
Web: http://biology.ucsc.edu/faculty/zuniga.html and http://biomedical.ucsc.edu/Zuniga.html
The Adventures of an Itinerant Class I MHC Molecule: Negotiating the Membrane Skeleton (S)
Lessons in Détente or Know thy Host: The Immunomodulatory Gene Products of Myxoma Virus (G)
Histocompatibility Molecules: Matchmakers in Matters of Love and Immunity (G, P)
From 1930’s Berlin to 21st Century University Campuses: The Story of the Remarkable Molecules that Regulate Immune Responses (P)
Martha Zúñiga received a B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin and M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University and postdoctoral training at the Yale University School of Medicine and at Caltech. Presently she is professor of molecular, cell, and developmental biology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Her research focuses on the role of the structure expression of class I major histocompatibility molecules and its tissue-specific in regulating immune responsiveness versus tolerance. Current research projects are directed at elucidating mechanisms by which immunological tolerance is established and maintained and how virally infected cells and cancer cells subvert otherwise protective immune responses. Zúñiga was a recipient of the Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1989. Other lectures available.